Tous les articles par Frédéric

Séminaire « Ruling on Animals in India »

organisé par Daniela Berti (CEH-CNRS), aura lieu le 2 février 2018 sur le campus CNRS de Villejuif.

 Horaire : 9.30 – 17.00
Salle de conférence, bâtiment D

In the morning we will have two working sessions on court cases that deal with animal welfare and animal rights. The cases will be presented by the lawyers who have argued them in court : Ritwick Dutta, from the National Green Tribunal in Delhi, and Vandana Misra, from the Himachal Pradesh High Court, in Shimla. In the afternoon session we will be showing some passages from the film “Unlocking the Cage” on Steven Wise’s “Non-Human Project”, which will be followed by a general discussion.
 
 
9.30 a.m. Coffee & Welcome by Daniela Berti (CNRS, CEH)

Cases from India

Ritwick Dutta, National Green Tribunal, Delhi
- The Elephants’ Corridor (Assam)
- The Black-Necked Crane (Arunachal Pradesh)
- The Birds’ Wetlands (Gurgaon)

Vandana Misra, Himachal Pradesh High Court, Shimla
- The Lurking Leopard (Himachal Pradesh)
- The “Vermin” Monkeys (Himachal Pradesh)

From a comparative perspective : USA-India

2.30 p.m. Steven Wise and the ‘Non-Human Project’ Introduction by Daniela Berti

Screening of an extract of the film “Unlocking the Cage” (2016) by Chris Hegedus and D.A. Pennebaker, featuring Steven Wise

General discussion
 
Afin de recevoir les documents qui feront l’objet des discussions lors de la séance du matin, merci de contacter dberti [at] vjf.cnrs.fr.

Workshop « Taking nature to the courtroom in South Asia »

Workshop organised in Edinburgh on 15-16 June 2017 by Daniela Berti (CNRS/CEH) and Tony Good (University of Edinburgh)

With the support of the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the University of Edinburgh, the Centre for Himayan Studies (CNRS/CEH) and the Centre for South Asian Studies (CEIAS)


The aim of this third workshop is to explore three contexts in which environmental issues, and the relationship between ecology and religion, come to the fore in contemporary South Asia : (i) development projects and territories of the gods ; (ii) protected areas and people’s rights ; and (iii) ’animal rights’ and religious reforms. Its distinctive focus, differentiating it from other work on development, environment or religion in South Asia, is on legal aspects of these issues, where possible on actual litigation in appellate and other courts.


Lieu : St Trinnean’s Room, Pollock Halls, Edinburgh
 
 
Programme
 
Thursday, 15 June

09.30-10.00 Introduction, Daniela Berti and Anthony Good

10.00-10.50 Domenico Amirante, University of Campania

The National Green Tribunal of India : a legal forum at the crossroads between science, environment and society

Discussant : Jamie Cross, University of Edinburgh

11.20-12.10 Sudha Vasan, University of Delhi

Green courts and the production of socio-ecological assemblages in India

Discussant : Jamie Cross

12.10-13.00 Anuj Bhuwania, South Asian University, New Delhi

On the ‘misuse’ of law in India : The case of anti-cow slaughter statutes

Discutant : Gilles Tarabout, CNRS/LESC

14.00-14.50 Rohit De, Yale

Cows and constitutionalism : from religious rites to economic rights

Discussant : Gilles Tarabout

14.50-15.40 Nayanika Mathur, University of Sussex, England
The government of crooked big cats in India, 1972-2017

Discussant : Heid Jerstad, University of Edinburgh

16.00-16.50 Diane Philiponet, Université de Toulouse – Jean-Jaurès

‘Monkeys come from the forest.’ State management of problems linked to monkeys in North Indian cities

Discussant : Heid Jerstad

16.50-17.30 Synthesising discussion : Sally Engle Merry (New York University)

 
Friday, 16 June

09.10-10.00 Anthony Good, University of Edinburgh

Animal sacrifice and the law in Tamil Nadu, South India

Discussant : Filippo Osella, University of Sussex

10.00-10.50 Daniela Berti, CNRS/CEH

Animal sacrifice under judicial scrutiny. Moral reforms and religious freedom in India

Discussant : Filippo Osella

11.20-12.10 Raphaël Voix, CNRS/CEIAS

Animal sacrifice in West Bengal ; practice, contestation and the state

Discussant : Véronique Bouillier, CNRS/CEIAS

12.10-13.00 Chiara Letizia, Université de Quebec, Montreal & Blandine Ripert, CNRS Paris/CSH Delhi

“Not in the name of religion.” A Supreme Court verdict on animal sacrifice in Nepal

Discussant : Véronique Bouillier

14.00-14.50 Joëlle Smadja, CNRS/CEH

A chronicle of law implementation in environmental conflicts : the case of Kaziranga National Park in Assam (North-East India)

Discussant : Tobias Kelly, University of Edinburgh

14.50-15.40 Kelly D. Alley & Tarini Mehta, Auburn University, USA

Draining activism : delay and persistence in India’s legal discourse

Discussant : Tobias Kelly

16.10-17.15 Synthesising discussion : K. Sivaramakrishnan, Yale

Workshop Timetable : workshop_timetable-2

Book : Law and Memory Towards Legal Governance of History

Law and Memory
Towards Legal Governance of History

Uladzislau Belavusau (University of Amsterdam)
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias (Polish Academy of Sciences)

Cambridge University Press

September 2017

Isbn: 9781108102889

Law and Memory

Legal governance of memory has played a central role in establishing hegemony of monumental history, and has forged national identities and integration processes in Europe and beyond. In this book, a range of contributors explore both the nature and role of legal engagement into historical memory in selected national law, European and international law. They also reflect on potential conflicts between legal governance, political pluralism, and fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression. In recent years, there have been numerous monumental commemoration practices and judicial trials about correlated events all over the world, and this is a prime opportunity to undertake an important global comparative scrutiny of memory laws. Against the background of mass re-writing of history in different parts of the world, this book revisits a fascinating subject of memory laws from the standpoint of comparative law and transitional justice.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Contributors
Introduction: memory laws: mapping a new subject in comparative law and transitional justice Uladzislau Belavusau and Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias
Part I. International Law:
1. The UN Human Rights Committee’s view of the past Antoon De Baets
2. The role of international criminal tribunals in shaping the historical accounts of genocides Marina Aksenova
3. The ‘right to truth’ in international law: the ‘last utopia’? Patricia Naftali
Part II. European Law (Council of Europe and European Union):
4. Kononov vs Latvia as the ontological security struggle over remembering the Second World War Maria Mälksoo
5. Testing the ‘uniqueness’: denial of the Holocaust vs denial of other crimes before the European Court of Human Rights Paolo Lobba
6. Legislating history: the European Union and the denial of international crimes Luigi Cajani
Part III. National Perspectives within European Union:
7. Challenging historical facts and national truths: an analysis of cases from France and Greece Ioanna Tourkochoriti
8. Legal silences and the memory of Francoism in Spain Alfons Aragoneses
9. Politics of public knowledge in dealing with the past: postcommunist experiences and some lessons from the Czech Republic Jiří Přibáň
10. Adjudication in deportation cases of Latvia and international law Ieva Miluna
11. Judging the conducător: fascism, communism and legal discontinuity in post-war Romania Cosmin Sebastian Cercel
12. Dealing with the past in and around the fundamental law in Hungary Miklós Könczöl
13. On the politics of resentment, mis-memory and constitutional fidelity. The demise of the Polish overlapping consensus? Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz
Part IV. Perspectives beyond European Union:
14. Defending Stalinism by means of criminal law: Russia, 1995–2014 Nikolay Koposov
15. Cutting the umbilical cord: the narrative of the national past and future in Ukrainian de-communization policy Lina Klymenko
16. Banning genocide denial – should geography matter? Robert A. Kahn
17. ‘From banning Nakba to bridging narratives’: the collective memory of 1948 and transitional justice for Israelis and Palestinians Jeremie Bracka
18. Historical revisionism and the settler state: the Canadian experience Michael Morden
19. Defense of democracy and the preservation of collective memory through criminal legislation: the challenges of reconciliation in Peru Salvador Herencia Carrasco
Epilogue: beyond ‘memory laws’: towards a general theory of law and historical discourse Eric Heinze
Index.

Editors

Uladzislau Belavusau, University of Amsterdam
Uladzislau Belavusau is Senior Researcher in European Law at the T. M. C. Asser Institute (the Hague), Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias, Polish Academy of Sciences
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias is Senior Researcher in Human Rights at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Contributors

Uladzislau Belavusau, Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias, Antoon De Baets, Marina Aksenova, Patricia Naftali, Maria Mälksoo, Paolo Lobba, Luigi Cajani, Ioanna Tourkochoriti, Alfons Aragoneses, Jiří Přibáň, Ieva Miluna, Cosmin Sebastian Cercel , Miklós Könczöl, Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz, Nikolay Koposov, Lina Klymenko, Robert A. Kahn, Jeremie Bracka, Michael Morden, Salvador Herencia Carrasco, Eric Heinze

 

Appel à propositions : Les droits humains au XXIe siècle

Les droits humains au XXIe siècle

Human rights in the 21st century

 

Revue « Communications » n° 104 (2019)

Communications journal issue 104 (2019)

*  *  *

Résumé

Pour les besoins d’un numéro de la revue Communications sur le thème des droits humains, nous sollicitons des propositions d’articles inédits présentant et analysant les nouvelles luttes, aujourd’hui, pour le respect de ces droits. Comment, au XXIe siècle, dénoncer, documenter, combattre les violations des droits humains ? Qui sont les acteurs de ces combats ? Quel est leur impact ? On s’intéressera à la fois aux nouveaux agents, groupes, associations, pressions citoyennes, portant ces combats, aux formes de leurs interventions dans l’espace public et à la façon dont ils contribuent à une extension du périmètre de ces droits et à leur redéfinition juridique. Nous souhaitons des études concrètes. Une attention particulière sera accordée aux situations et expériences non européennes.

Argumentaire

La Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme, adoptée le 10 décembre 1948, dont l’article premier stipule que « Tous les êtres humains naissent libres et égaux en dignité et en droits », affirme comme principe intangible à l’échelle de l’humanité tout entière le fait que la dignité (mentionnée en premier), les libertés et les droits fondamentaux sont inhérents à chaque être humain et inaliénables. Si cette Déclaration ne fait pas partie du droit international dit « contraignant » (c’est-à-dire d’application obligatoire), elle constitue un texte de référence qui a inspiré nombre de traités internationaux, eux légalement contraignants, relatifs aux droits de l’homme et à leur développement à l’échelle internationale.

Ces droits sont toutefois critiqués de diverses manières. Au nom d’une vision inégalitaire de l’humanité, le mépris pour les « droits-de-l’hommistes », selon une expression venue de l’extrême droite, reprend de la vigueur. Des pouvoirs non démocratiques les récusent en invoquant le relativisme culturel, comme en Chine où le discours officiel oppose l’« harmonie » d’inspiration confucéenne aux droits de l’homme, d’inspiration occidentale. Plus profondément, la notion philosophique, politique et juridique d’universalité fait l’objet de contestations et d’interrogations. Au nom de l’histoire, et notamment de l’histoire coloniale, ces droits, proclamés et exportés par un monde occidental qui ne les a pas respectés, sont dénoncés comme l’alibi d’un impérialisme culturel. L’universalisme abstrait, aveugle par principe aux différences, s’avère par là même aveugle aux discriminations et inégalités. D’où la question, sujette à polémiques, particulièrement en France (cf. les débats sur la parité ou les « statistiques ethniques » par exemple) : pour assurer l’égalité réelle des droits, ne faut-il pas assouplir l’universalité formelle du droit ?

Nul doute que ces droits sont inégalement garantis et que leurs violations sont innombrables. Ils ne sont ni la garantie d’un progrès inéluctable, ni une promesse illusoire. Ils doivent être en permanence repensés et leur extension comme leur universalisation dépendent avant tout des combats menés en leur nom. Nous considérons en effet, avec Danièle Lochak, que « les droits de l’homme ne sont pas un corps de principes gravés une fois pour toutes dans le marbre. Ils ont une histoire qui continue à s’écrire en fonction d’enjeux complexes et entremêlés : politiques, idéologiques et juridiques. » (Les Droits de l’homme, La Découverte, 2009). Prenant acte de cette histoire, nous préférons ici parler de droits humains. Ceux-ci sont confrontés à des défis nouveaux liés à la mondialisation. Et dans cette mondialisation, le phénomène des migrations est devenu central.

Pour les besoins d’un numéro de la revue Communications sur ce thème, nous sollicitons des propositions d’articles inédits présentant et analysant les nouvelles luttes, aujourd’hui, pour le respect des droits humains. Comment, au xxie siècle, dénoncer, documenter, combattre les violations des droits humains ? Qui sont les acteurs de ces combats ? Quel est leur impact ? On s’intéressera à la fois aux nouveaux agents, groupes, associations, pressions citoyennes, portant ces combats, aux formes de leurs interventions dans l’espace public et à la façon dont ils contribuent à une extension du périmètre de ces droits et à leur redéfinition juridique. Nous souhaitons des études concrètes. Une attention particulière sera accordée aux situations et expériences non européennes.

Conditions de soumission

Les propositions de contributions doivent être rédigées en français et comporter le nom de l’auteur, son affiliation professionnelle et son courriel.

Elles devront être envoyées, avec la mention « Droits humains » en objet du message, à revue-communications@ehess.fr

Calendrier

Date limite d’envoi des résumés courts (3000 signes) : 26 janvier 2018

 

Date de notification des réponses : 26 février 2018

Date limite de remise des textes (articles inédits de 30 000 signes maximum notes comprises) : 15 mai 2018

Date de parution du numéro : 2019

Article : Magistrature et domination étrangère. Réflexions d’anthropologie juridique sur trois cas belges

Derk Venema

Magistrature et domination étrangère. Réflexions d’anthropologie juridique sur trois cas belges

Article publié dans les C@hiers du CRHIDI, vol. 40 – 2017, « Un corps de l’État à l’heure des Big Data. Prosopographie et histoire judiciaire :  les magistrats belges et coloniaux 1795-1962″.

Résumé

Ce texte reprend les contributions qui précèdent et les analyse sous l’angle de l’anthropologie juridique. Ces contributions ont en effet en commun d’étudier la magistrature dans un contexte politique marqué par la domination étrangère. Ce texte revient d’abord sur le concept sociologique de domination étrangère avant de traiter, dans une perspective anthropologique, de certains comportements des juges souvent délaissés car considérés comme irrationnels ou négligés car ne relevant pas de la recherche prosopographique traditionnelle.

 

Report 2014-2016 : Law & Anthropology Department

Law & Anthropology Department
Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology

Report 2014-2016

The Law & Anthropology Department at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology has recently published its first triennial report covering the Department’s activities for the 2014-2016 period.

If you would find it more convenient to browse through this report in an electronic format, the online version is available at : http://www.eth.mpg.de/4593493/2014—2016

 

 

CALL FOR PAPERS : Multiple Religious Identities – Individuals, Communities, Traditions

16th Annual Conference of the European Association for the Study of Religions
(EASR 2018)

Multiple Religious Identities – Individuals, Communities, Traditions
17-21 June 2018, Bern

CALL FOR PAPERS

CALL_FOR_PAPERS_EASR_2018_Self-identity

Self-identity and Otherness: Shia Approaches to Religious Pluralism
This panel is an examination of the history of Shia views of other religious traditions as well as the contemporary legal-theological reflection about religious pluralism. The aim is to discuss the theoretical and conceptual issues related to religious plurality from the perspective of Shia Jurisprudence (fiqh) and the theological implications of such a perspective in the construction of religious identity debates. Shias are the minority group within Islam, having broken with the majority Sunnis in a disagreement over the Prophet Mohammed’s successors and the role that his successors were to play. With this panel, we intend to reflect on Shia self- perceptions and perceptions of others with respect to religion, covering both historical and contemporary approaches. The papers presented will reflect upon the investigation of the nature and dynamics of Shia normative responses to religious diversity and pluralism and the challenges they face. The aim of the panel is to bring together academics and researchers whose works are related to the topic and to discuss recent theoretical and conceptual achievements in the
field.

Deadline: 15th Jan 2018
Chair and Convenor: Dr. phil. Shirin Naef (University of Zurich)
Contact: garmaroudi@gmx.ch
All submission should be made online
at: https://www.conftool.com/easr2018/

Book : Cultural Legal Studies

Cultural Legal Studies

Law’s Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law

Cassandra Sharp, Marett Leiboff (ed.)

Routledge, 2017

 

Cultural Legal Studies: Law's Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

What can law’s popular cultures do for law, as a constitutive and interrogative critical practice?  This collection explores such a question through the lens of the ‘cultural legal studies’ movement, which proffers a new encounter with the ‘cultural turn’ in law and legal theory.  Moving beyond the ‘law ands’ (literature, humanities, culture, film, visual and aesthetics) on which it is based, this book demonstrates how the techniques and practices of cultural legal studies can be used to metamorphose law and the legalities that underpin its popular imaginary. By drawing on three different modes of cultural legal studies – storytelling, technology and jurisprudence – the collection showcases the intersectional practices of cultural legal studies, and law in its popular cultural mode.

The contributors to the collection deploy differentiated modes of cultural legal studies practice, adopting diverse philosophical, disciplinary, methodological and theoretical approaches and subjects of examination. The collection draws on this mix of diversity and homogeneity to thread together its overarching theme: that we must take seriously an interrogation of law as culture and in its cultural form. That is, it does not ask how a text ‘represents’ law; but rather how the representational nature of both law and culture intersect so that the ‘juridical’ become visible in various cultural manifestations. In short, it asks: how law’s popular cultures actively effect the metamorphosis of law.

Table of Contents

PART I: Cultural Legal Studies – The Urgency of Method and Story 1. Cultural Legal Studies and Law’s Popular Cultures, Marett Leiboff & Cassandra Sharp 2. Cultural Legal Studies as Law’s Extroversion, Marett Leiboff 3. Finding Stories of Justice in the Art of Conversation: Ethnography in Cultural Legal Studies, Cassandra Sharp PART II: Cultural Legal Studies as Legal Storytelling 4. Interventions into the Feeling of Popular Justice: Australia’s Stolen Generations, the Problem of Sentimentality, and Re-Encountering the Testimonial Form, Honni Van Rijswijk 5. Border Crossings: The Transnational Career of the Television Crime Drama, Sue Turnbull 6. Theatre and the Law in the 21st Century, Peter Robson PART III: Law’s Technologies and Cultural Legal Studies 7. Picturing Justice in a Fraught Legal Arena: Fetus, Phantoms and Mandatory Ultrasounds, Jessica Silbey 8. Peeping: Open Justice and Law’s Voyeurs, Katherine Biber 9. Irony as Method: Reframing Photographs in Cultural Legal Studies, Karen Crawley 10. Bodies, Cinema, Sovereignty: Using Visual Culture Methodologies to Think About Other Ways that Law Might Work, Kirsty Duncanson PART IV: Cultural Legal Studies as Jurisprudence 11. Popular Culture’s Lex Vampirica: The Law of the Undead in True Blood, the Twilight Sagaand The Passage, William Macneil 12. Reading the Law Made Strange: Cultural Legal Studies, Theology and Speculative Fiction, Timothy D Peters 13. Republicanism Meets (Dystopian) Faërie: Harry Potter and the Institutional Disaster, Luis Gómez Romero

About the Editors

Cassandra Sharp‘s research draws on a range of disciplinary methods to empirically explore individual responses to law. Her focus is the use of popular stories by individuals in challenging and constructing legal meaning and identity. She is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre (LIRC) at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

Marett Leiboff is a cultural legal studies and law and humanities scholar who is working on a monograph that explores theatrical jurisprudence. Her scholarship is grounded in her pre-law background in academic theatre studies. Marett is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia.

Séminaire Anthropologie des processus de citoyenneté

Séminaire Anthropologie des processus de citoyenneté (2017 – 2018)

Catherine Neveu, directrice de recherche au CNRS (TH) (IIAC/Ehess)
Maxime Vanhoenacker, chargé de recherche au CNRS (IIAC/Ehess)

1er, 3e et 5e jeudis du mois de 15 h à 18 h (salle AS1_23, 54 bd Raspail 75006 Paris), du 18
janvier 2018 au 5 avril 2018

Il s’agira dans ce séminaire de poursuivre l’exploration entamée en 2016-2017 des apports de l’anthropologie politique du contemporain tant à la saisie empirique des processus de citoyenneté qu’à un retour critique sur les théorisations dont elle fait l’objet. Les pratiques et représentations de la citoyenneté sont relativement sous étudiées dans l’anthropologie politique française, alors qu’elle fait l’objet de nombreux travaux dans le monde. Outre l’exploration de ces travaux parfois méconnus, ce séminaire sera consacré à la mise en discussion de recherches pluridiciplinaires portant sur différents espaces de pratiques citoyennes, notamment celles visant un renouvellement de l’éthos démocratique et de l’émancipation. Une place spécifique sera accordée également aux enjeux d’une recherche qui soit elle-même « citoyenne ».

Mots clés : Anthropologie sociale, Citoyenneté, Mobilisation(s), Politiques publiques, Sociologie politique,

Programme synthétique du séminaire 2017-2018

Programme prog_seminaire_2018

=> 18/01/18 – Séance 1 : Qu’estce qui est appelé « citoyenneté » ? Comment saisir empiriquement cette notion ? Introduction générale du séminaire. Catherine Neveu (CNRS IIAC/ Ehess) et Maxime Vanhoenacker (CNRS IIAC/ Ehess)

=> 01/02/18 – Séance 2 : « Un citoyen responsable, une ville responsable ». La participation, un nouveau mot d’ordre de la République Islamique d’Iran ? Sahar Saeidnia (Postdoctorante Gerda HenkelIremam, Docteure en sociologie associée à l’IrisEHESS)

=> 15/02/18 – Séance 3 : projection documentaire, à confirmer

=> 01/03/18 – Séance 4 : L’afroféminisme, une politique du sensible ? Du vécu des rapports de pouvoir à leur politisation dans le parcours de femmes afrodescendantes. Silyane Larcher (CNRSUrmis, politiste)

=> 15/03/18 – séance 5 : Le fardeau de l’apprentissage de la citoyenneté dans les activités de jeunesse ? Maxime Vanhoenacker (CNRSIIAC/ Ehess, anthropologie)

=> 29/03/18 – Séance 6 : Politiser l’éducation populaire, un « réenchantement » ? Emannuel Porte (INJEP) et Emmanuel de Lescure (MCF Sciences de l’éducation Université Paris V, CERLIS)

=> 05/04/18 – séance 7 : Pouvoirs d’agir dans les quartiers populaires : pour une sociologie de la citoyenneté au croisement de l’ordinaire, du mouvement social et des institutions. A propos d’une enquête à Villepinte et Montréal Nord. Marion Carrel (MCF Sociologie Université Lille, CeRIES)

=> 24/05/18 – séance 8 : Présentation des travaux de validation des étudiants (exposés) et discussion générale

 

BOOK : The Judgment of Culture. Cultural Assumptions in American Law

The Judgment of Culture

Cultural Assumptions in American Law

Lawrence Rosen

2018 – Routledge

 

The Judgment of Culture: Cultural Assumptions in American Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

Legal systems do not operate in isolation but in complex cultural contexts.

This original and thought-provoking volume considers how cultural assumptions are built into American legal decision-making, drawing on a series of case studies to demonstrate the range of ways courts express their understanding of human nature, social relationships, and the sense of orderliness that cultural schemes purport to offer. Unpacking issues such as native heritage, male circumcision, and natural law, Rosen provides fresh insight into socio-legal studies, drawing on his extensive experience as both an anthropologist and a law professional to provide a unique perspective on the important issue of law and cultural practice.

The Judgement of Culture will make informative reading for students and scholars of anthropology, law, and related subjects across the social sciences.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part I: Bringing Culture into the Law

1. Defending Culture: The Cultural Defense and the Law’s Theory of Culture

2. Leave It to the Experts? The Anthropologist as Expert Witness

3. What’s It Like? Native Americans and the Ambivalence of Legal Metaphors

Part II: Nature and the Family

4: Should We Just Abolish Marriage? The Uses of Anthropology in Law and Policy

5: What’s Wrong with Incest? Perception and Theory in a Shifting Legal Environment

6: Natural Law or Law Naturalized? Nature v. Culture in the U.S. Supreme Court

Part III: Reaching Out

7: Medicalizing the Law: The Debate over Male Circumcision

8: The Incorporation of Custom: The Case of the Flashing Headlights

9: Is There a Place for Community? The Amish and the American Romance of Community

Conclusion

About the Author

Lawrence Rosen is the William N. Cromwell Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Princeton University, USA, and Adjunct Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, USA. As an anthropologist he has worked on Arab social life and Islamic law; as a legal scholar he has worked on the rights of indigenous peoples and American socio-legal issues. He is a member of the bar of the State of North Carolina and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Book : Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies. A Principle and its Paradoxes

2018 – Routledge

Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: A Principle and its Paradoxes (Hardback) book cover

 

Description

This volume addresses the exercise of personal autonomy in contemporary situations of normative pluralism. In the Western liberal tradition, from a strictly legal and theoretical perspective the social individual has the right to exercise the autonomy of his or her will. In a context of legal plurality, however, personal autonomy becomes more complicated. Can and should personal autonomy be recognized as a legal foundation for protecting a person’s freedom to renounce what others view as his or her fundamental ‘human rights’? This collection develops an interdisciplinary conceptual framework to address these questions and presents empirical studies examining the gap between the principle of personal autonomy and its implementation. In a context of cultural diversity, this gap manifests itself in two particular ways. First, not every culture gives the same pre-eminence to personal autonomy when examining the legal effects of an individual’s acts. Second, in a society characterized by ‘weak pluralism’, the legal assessment of personal autonomy often favours the views of the dominant majority. In highlighting these diverse perspectives and problematizing the so-called ‘guardian function’ of human rights, i.e., purporting to protect weaker parties by limiting their personal autonomy in the name of gender equality, fair trial, etc., this book offers a nuanced approach to the principle of autonomy and addresses the questions of whether it can effectively be deployed in situations of internormativity and what conditions must be met in order to ensure that it is not rendered devoid of all meaning.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Individual Autonomy in Contemporary Plural Societies: How to Reconcile Competing Normative Standards? – Marie-Claire Foblets, Michele Graziadei and Alison Dundes Renteln

Part I: Autonomy in the Face of Cultural Diversity: Disciplinary Perspectives

1. The Fault in our Stars: Personal Autonomy, Philosophy, and the Law – Michele Graziadei

2. Confronting Autonomy in Liberal Practice – Geoffrey Brahm Levey

3. Autonomy and Deeply Embedded Cultural Identities – John Christman

4. Three Approaches to the Protection of Religious Freedom: Choice, Interest, Identity – Avigail Eisenberg

5. Appeals to Choice and Sexual Equality: Debates over Religious Attire – Monique Deveaux

6. Why the Individual must be Defended ~ Seemingly against all Anthropological Odds – Olaf Zenker

Part II: Autonomy in Context: Empirical Illustrations

A: The Majoritarian Assessment of Personal Autonomy

7. Cultural Diversity in the Workplace: Personal Autonomy as a Pillar for the Accommodation of Employees’ Religious Practices? – Katayoun Alidadi

8. Adopting a Face-Veil, Concluding an Islamic Marriage: Autonomy, Agency, and Liberal-Secular Rule – Annelies Moors

9. Unregistered Muslim Marriages in the UK: Examining Normative Influences Shaping Choice of Legal Protection – Rajnaara Akhtar

10. Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? Personal Autonomy, Forced Marriage, and the Inherent Jurisdiction in English Law – Alberto Neidhardt

11. Balancing Migration Policy and Personal Autonomy in Private International Law: A Shattered Illusion?Jinske Verhellen

12. The Anti-Religious Bias in Personal Autonomy: Towards Coherence and a SolutionToon Agten

13. Shaping Notions of Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: Addressing Female Genital Cutting in France and the European Regulatory Framework’s Approach to this Custom – Lucia Bellucci

14. The Human Rights Dimensions of Virginity Restoration Surgery – Alison Dundes Renteln

B. Individual Agency in situ

15. ‘It is Better for Me to Agree When My Guardian is Here’: Consent and Relational Personhood in Postcolonial Malawi – Jessica Johnson

16. The Multiple Search for Autonomy among Moluccans in the Netherlands: A Relational Approach – Keebet von Benda-Beckmann

17. An All but Trivial Abortion: Scrutinizing Sex Selection Legislation in India through the Lens of Women’s Autonomy – Kalindi Kokal

18. Rethinking Social Norms: Contraceptive Use and Women’s Right to Choose in Senegal – Chiara Quagliariello

19. Autonomous Aspirations? Re-reading the CEDAW Drafting Process and Examining Muslim Women’s Contributions – Shaheen Sardar Aliand Arjumand Bano Kazmi

20. ‘That’s not our Culture’: Paradoxes of Personal Property in Indigenous Self-Governance – Ian Kalman

About the Editors

Marie-Claire Foblets is Director of the Department of Law and Anthropology at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany and Professor of Law at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.

Michele Graziadei is Professor of Comparative Law at the University of Turin, Italy and President of the Italian Society for Research on Comparative Law (SIRD).

Alison Dundes Renteln is Professor of Political Science, Anthropology, Law, and Public Policy at the University of Southern California, where she teaches International Law and Human Rights.

 

BOOK :Space, Time, Justice From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives

Space, Time, Justice

From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives

David Marrani

2018 – Routledge

Space, Time, Justice: From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives (Hardback) book cover

Description

This book merges philosophical, psychoanalytical and legal perspectives to explore how spaces of justice are changing and the effect this has on the development of the administration of justice. There are as central themes: the idea of transgression as the starting point of the question of justice and its archaic anchor; the relation between spaces of justice and ritual(s); the question of use and abuse of transparency in contemporary courts; and the abolition of the judicial walls with the use of cameras in courts. It offers a comparative approach, looking at spaces of justice in both the civil and common law traditions. Presenting a theoretical and interdisciplinary study of spaces of justice, it will appeal to academics in the fields of law, criminology, sociology and architecture.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter One: Transgression as the ‘big bang’ of society

Chapter Two: Judicial spaces and ritual(s) of justice. The relation between time and space in the trial

Chapter Three: Contemporary spaces of justice: use and abuse of transparency

Chapter Four: The abolition of the judicial walls: cameras in courts and the reshaping of judicial spaces

Chapter 5: Conclusion

About the Author :

Dr David Marrani studied law, philosophy and psychoanalysis in France and in the UK. He is professor and director at the Institute of Law, Jersey. He teaches undergraduate and postgraduate students on Common Law Reasoning, Comparative Law, Comparative Public Law, Jurisprudence and Critical Studies. He is a Visiting Professor at several European and International universities. His research relates to comparative public law and the intersections between law, philosophy and psychoanalysis. He is series general editor for Routledge Research in Constitutional Law and the SLS convenor for comparative law.

BOOK : Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law

Wendy A. Adams

2017 – Routledge

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law (Hardback) book cover

Description

Drawing upon theories of critical legal pluralism and psychological theories of narrative identity, this book argues for an understanding of popular culture as legal authority, unmediated by translation into state law. In narrating our identities, we draw upon collective cultural narratives, and our narrative/nomos obligational selves become the nexus for law and popular culture as mutually constitutive discourse.

The author demonstrates the efficacy and desirability of applying a pluralist legal analysis to examine a much broader scope of subject matter than is possible through the restricted perspective of state law alone. The study considers whether presumptively illegal acts might actually be instances of a re-imagined, alternative legality, and the concomitant implications. As an illustrative example, works of critical dystopia and the beliefs and behaviours of eco/animal-terrorists can be understood as shared narrative and normative commitments that constitute law just as fully as does the state when it legislates and adjudicates.

This book will be of great interest to academics and scholars of law and popular culture, as well as those involved in interdisciplinary work in legal pluralism.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. A framework for Re-imagining Law

3. Legal Pluralism as Capacity and Result

4. Obligation and Identity

5. Resistance has Rules

6. Conclusion

References

Index

About the Author

Wendy A. Adams is Associate Professor of Law, McGill University, Canada. Her research interests are in the areas of legal pluralism, law and popular culture, commodification, and human-animal studies. She has published on these and related topics.

Book : Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

John R. Campbell

Routledge, 2017

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom's Asylum System

The central concern of this book is to find answers to fundamental questions about the British asylum system and how it operates. Based on ethnographic research over a two-year period, the work follows and analyses numerous asylum appeals through the British courts. It draws on myriad interviews with individuals and a thorough examination of many state and non-state organizations to understand how the system works. While the organization of the book reflects the formal asylum process, a focus on specific legal appeals reveals the ‘political’ factors at play as different institutions and actors seek to influence judicial decision-making and overturn/uphold official asylum policy. The final chapter draws on the author’s ethnographic findings of the UK’s ‘asylum field’ to re-examine research on the Refugee Determination System in the US, Canada and Australia which has narrowly focused on judicial decision-making. It argues that analysis of Refugee Determination Systems must be situated and studied as part of a wider, political, semi-autonomous ‘asylum field’ which needs to be better understood.

Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1. An anthropological approach to studying the asylum field

Chapter 2. The evolution of the British Asylum System

Chapter 3. The work of the British Home Office and UK Border Agency

Chapter 4. Taking and making refugee claims: The work of immigration caseworkers, interpeters and barristers

Chapter 5. The Immigration and Asylum Tribunal and the work of Immigration Judges

Chapter 6. The politics of ‘permission’ and the Court of Appeal

Chapter 7. The Kafkaesque experience of asylum seekers

Chapter 8. Interest groups, asylum policy and Home Office intransigence

Conclusion and Postscript

About the Author

Dr John R. Campbell is a Reader in the Anthropology of Africa and Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He has undertaken fieldwork in Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia and the UK, and has undertaken development-related consultancies in Kenya, Ethiopia and Botswana. In addition to teaching the anthropology of development and the ethnography of Eastern Africa, he teaches courses on legal anthropology. His most recent book is Nationalism, Law and Stateless: Grand Illusions in the Horn of Africa (Routledge, 2013).

 

 

BOOK : Gabriel Gatti (ed.) Un mundo de víctimas.

Gabriel GATTI (ed.)

Un mundo de víctimas.

Barcelona, Anthropos, 2017.

ISBN:978-84-16421-57-2

UN MUNDO DE VÍCTIMAS
Bajo la edición de Gabriel Gatti Anthropos edita Un mundo de víctimas, que culmina el ciclo de publicaciones principales del proyecto Mundo(s) de víctimas. Además de los estudios de caso y de análisis de situaciones y escenas trasversales al “campo de las víctimas” en España (espacio judicial, vida cultural, escuelas, leyes…) propone un cuadro teórico amplio para entender los matices y aristas de la dimensión sociológica de las víctimas, con un glosario crítico, y varios desarrollos singulares acerca del nuevo espacio de las víctimas o las paradojas de la identidad de la víctima cuando se cruza con el ciudadano. Cuenta con textos breves de colaboradores invitados ad hoc (Nicolas Dodier, Janine Barbot, Sandrine Lefranc, Paco Ferrandiz, Jon Mirena Landa, Galo Bilbao, Fabiana Rousseaux) y los textos de los miembros del equipo: Maria Martinez, Ignacio Irazuzta, Sandrine Revet, Silvia Rodríguez Maeso, David Casado, Josebe Martinez, Suso Izquierdo, Mamen Peñaranda, Marti Oliver, Andres Gomez Seguel, Iñaki Robles, Ramón Saez o Adriana Villalón. Es un trabajo muy editado, de autoría colectiva, multidisciplinar y comparativo, que aspira a inaugurar una sociología de las víctimas en España.
PRESENTACIÓN. Un mundo de víctimas, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 5
HERRAMIENTAS TEÓRICAS
TEXTO 1. La teoría heredada para pensar la víctima.
Insuficiencia, nostalgia y negación, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 27
TEXTO 2. Glosario para la nueva víctima,
por Equipo de investigación Mundo(s) de víctimas …………… 36
EL MUNDO DE LAS VÍCTIMAS EN ESPAÑA
(Y MÁS ALLÁ)
TEXTO 3. El campo de las víctimas. Disensos, consensos
e imaginarios compartidos en el nacimiento del
ciudadano-víctima, por Gabriel Gatti y María Martínez …….. 73
TEXTO 4. Víctimas de raíz política (las dueñas del campo
y del nombre), por Gabriel Gatti …………………………………….. 91
TEXTO 5. Víctimas de violencia de género (las víctimas
habladas), por David Casado-Neira y María Martínez ……….. 112
TEXTO 6. Víctimas de accidentes de tráfico (las víctimas
que no lo son), por María del Carmen Peñaranda-Cólera
y Martí Oliver-Mora (con la colaboración de Andrés G.
Seguel) ………………………………………………………………………… 130
TEXTO 7. Bebés robados (víctimas que desean serlo),
por Gabriel Gatti y Sandrine Revet ………………………………….. 151
TEXTO 8. ¿Víctimas sin victimismo? Por una memoria
elaborada del genocidio franquista, por Jesús Izquierdo
Martín ………………………………………………………………………… 165
ENTRE EXPERTOS Y ADMINISTRACIONES
TEXTO 9. El gobierno de las víctimas. Instituciones, prácticas
técnicas y oficios que hacen (a) las víctimas,
por Ignacio Irazuzta y Gabriel Gatti ………………………………… 183
TEXTO 10. Entre víctimas: investigando las exhumaciones
de las fosas comunes de la Guerra Civil en la España
contemporánea, por Francisco Ferrándiz ………………………… 209
TEXTO 11. Las víctimas del terror de Estado en el marco
de las Políticas Públicas de Reparación,
por Fabiana Rousseaux …………………………………………………. 220
TEXTO 12. Ejercer el oficio de especialista en justicia
transicional, por Sandrine Lefranc ………………………………….. 231
LA VÍCTIMA ANTE LA LEY
TEXTO 13. Leyes sobre víctimas en España: los ciudadanos
de vidas vulnerables, por Gabriel Gatti e Ignacio Irazuzta …. 243
TEXTO 14. El regreso de la víctima en la evolución del
sistema penal, por Ramón Sáez Valcárcel ………………………… 259
TEXTO 15. Leyes de víctimas y derecho penal: simetrías y
asimetrías con especial atención a la violencia política,
por Jon-Mirena Landa Gorostiza …………………………………….. 269
TEXTO 16. La víctima en escena: una etnografía en los
juzgados de violencia contra la mujer, por Gabriel Gatti,
María Martínez y Sandrine Revet ……………………………………. 281
TEXTO 17. Las víctimas a juicio, por Janine Barbot
y Nicolas Dodier …………………………………………………………… 296
LO HUMANO VULNERADO
Y LA EDUCACIÓN MORAL
Texto 18. Las víctimas en la escuela vasca: iniciativas políticas
para una «educación sentimental», por Ignacio Irazuzta,
Silvia Rodríguez Maeso y Adriana Villalón ……………………….. 309
Texto 19. Inocencia y reconocimiento, Galo Bilbao Alberdi ……. 331
Texto 20. Cuidado, vulnerabilidad, víctima. Elementos para
una problemática psicosocial, por Pascale Molinier ………….. 340
ESTÉTICA Y LENGUAJE DE LAS VÍCTIMAS
TEXTO 21. La víctima y la cultura barroca, por Josebe Martínez
y David Casado-Neira ……………………………………………………. 351
431
TEXTO 22. Relatos culturales de la víctima, por Jaume Peris
Blanes …………………………………………………………………………. 370
TEXTO 23. La autoridad de la víctima. Lo cómico y la violencia,
por António Sousa Ribeiro …………………………………………….. 384
TEXTO 24. La Transición española y sus víctimas,
por Josebe Martínez ………………………………………………………. 395