Archives de catégorie : Livres

Anne-Marie Voutyras-Pierre, Anthropologie juridique de la folie et des passions dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine, PUL, 2018.

Présentation de l’éditeur

Les hommes de l’époque préclassique grecque ont rattaché l’explication de la folie et des passions à leurs croyances mythologico-religieuses, puis de la période classique à l’époque hellénistique, le rationalisme scientifique et philosophique a connu une floraison de la causalité naturelle explicative des phénomènes mentaux. Ce courant s’est refermé lors de l’Antiquité tardive, sous la souveraineté de la pensée théologique, pour laisser place à une nouvelle conception spirituelle et surnaturelle de la pathologie mentale.

D’un phénomène, à l’origine, extérieur à l’homme, la folie et les passions ont été conçues à partir de l’époque classique selon une étiologie interne. L’osmose entre les savoirs non conceptualisés dans des champs disciplinaires clos, a permis de poser des questions essentielles sur les perturbations mentales.

Des démarches d’ordonnancement des connaissances, de réflexions sur le sens d’une pratique médicale ou philosophique ont opéré une normativité sur laquelle le droit romain s’est construit. Distinguer le normal, du pathologique, du déviant, pour rechercher le traitement juridique et social juste, médicalement efficace, nécessitait au préalable de dégager la catégorie ontologique et morale de la personne. Il en résulta des réflexions sur le sain et le non sain, la capacité, la liberté, la volonté, la responsabilité. Les Anciens nous montrent que la folie est polymorphe, aussi complexe que la normalité dont elle n’est pas une antithèse dans la pensée et dans la réalité.

Sommaire

Partie I : Normativité des croyances et de la connaissance sur la folie et les passions

Chapitre 1 Les forces surnaturelles dans la folie et les passions, agents de la normativité
– La folie, les passions, produits d’un conflit de forces objectives
– La folie, les passions, au confluent de la conscience humaine et des dieux
– Folie et normativité des religions païennes
– La normativité de la magie et les perturbations mentales

Chapitre 2 Normativité médico-philosophique des idées naturelles de la folie et des passions
– La médecine spéculative grecque et la normativité de la psychopathologie
– La transmission des savoirs normatifs en psychopathologie de la Grèce à Rome
– De la normativité médicale aux normes juridiques sur la folie et les passions
– La philosophie et la pathologie mentale

Chapitre 3 La fusion des savoirs médicaux et philosophiques dans la théologie
– Instrumentalisation de la folie dans la politique impériale
– Encadrement normatif de la folie et des passions par la théologie

Chapitre 4 Construction normative de la personne par les traitements des perturbations mentales
– La recherche de santé mentale
– L’évolution des traitements : du mental au spirituel

Partie II : Représentation sociale et institutionnelle de la folie et des passions

Chapitre 1 L’émergence sociale des perturbés mentaux
– Les mots et les représentations de la folie et des passions
– Les approches sociales de la folie

Chapitre 2 La folie en politique : les empereurs fous ou déviants
– La chronique des empereurs perturbés mentaux
– La critique normative sous couvert de perturbations mentales

Partie III : L’existence de la folie sur la scène juridique

Chapitre 1 La personne du fou dans les normes juridiques de la famille
– La potestas du père sur les agnats : de la normalité à la folie.
– De la potestas à la curatelle

Chapitre 2 Conservation et transmission des droits par le fou
– Le fou attributaire passif de droit
– La querela inofficiosi testamenti et le trouble mental

Chapitre 3 Du délinquant aux malades de l’âme et de l’esprit
– L’émergence de la responsabilité individuelle et de son corollaire l’irrresponsabilité
– Les troubles psychiques dans les infractions les plus graves
– Les passions, pivots des infractions
– Les perturbés mentaux face à leurs juges

Cahiers de l’Institut d’anthropologie juridique , Vol. 18 , 658 pages. 35€

Parution : 02/2018
Editeur : Presses Universitaires de Limoges
ISBN : 978-2-8428-7766-8
Site de l’éditeur
Notice SUDOC

Aldo Andrea Cassi, Santa, giusta, umanitaria. La guerra nella civiltà occidentale, 2015.

L’opera. Una riflessione sulla cultura che più di tutte ha speculato sull’uso della violenza come strumento politico. Fin dagli antichi greci la guerra è stata oggetto di riflessione da parte di pensatori e filosofi, che la consideravano “giusta” (Aristotele), una condizione necessaria della stessa socialità. Il libro propone un excursus filosofico-giuridico, che parte dal pensiero ellenico e abbraccia la cristianità (da Agostino a Tommaso d’Aquino, da Bernardo di Chiaravalle a Giovanna d’Arco), fino ad arrivare ai nostri giorni, a nuove declinazioni come il terrorismo internazionale, nel tentativo di circoscrivere entro confini e concetti teologici, filosofici, etici, politici e giuridici, l’uso della guerra nei rapporti tra popoli e tra nazioni.

http://www.salernoeditrice.it/Scheda_libro.asp?id=2009&it=ok&categoria=21

Aldo Andrea Cassi, Ultramar. L’invenzione europea del Nuovo Mundo, 2007

Ultramar
Ultramar
L’invenzione europea del Nuovo Mondo

In breve

La Conquista del Nuovo Mondo fu l’opera di un Giano bifronte, un balletto sul filo del cinismo e dell’utopia. Di fronte all’enormità della scoperta, gli europei rimasero letteralmente senza parole. La Natura americana e la Cultura europea sembravano irrimediabilmente incommensurabili. Tutti gli aspetti del Nuovo Mondo richiedevano una definizione appropriata, che le categorie concettuali europee non erano in grado di fornire, se non per approssimazione: l’oceano venne provvisoriamente chiamato ‘Mar tenebroso’, il puma fu battezzato ‘leone di montagna’, gli stessi indigeni furono chiamati ‘indios’, anche se non si trattava nemmeno lontanamente di abitanti delle Indie. Per ‘prendere’ il Nuovo Mondo, prima di tutto bisognava ‘comprenderlo’ e i soli che avessero le parole giuste per farlo, gli stregoni delle nuove terre, erano i giuristi. La cultura giuridica fu insomma il sistema di comunicazione, l’interfaccia tra il Vecchio Mondo medievale e il Nuovo Mondo la cui scoperta inaugurava l’età moderna. Abituati per mestiere ad avere orrore delle approssimazioni, i giuristi iniziarono a distinguere, a discutere, a definire. Questo libro ripercorre la storia di quelle parole e del loro potere demiurgico e distruttivo.

Book : Stategraphy: Toward a relational anthropology of the state

Stategraphy: Toward a relational anthropology of the state

 

Authors
Tatjana Thelen, Larissa Vetters, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann (eds.)

Publisher
New York, NY; Oxford: Berghahn

Year of publication
2018

ISBN
978-1-78533-699-7

OPAC

Abstract
In the introduction to this special issue, we discuss recent trends in anthropological research on and in theorizing the state. We show how these have given rise to an analytical gap between state images, on the one hand, and practices, on the other. Based on this analysis, we propose a relational approach that we call ‘stategraphy’ as a way to tie together state practices and representations. This ethnographically grounded approach focuses on relational modalities, boundary work, and forms of embeddedness of actors as constitutive factors. These avenues of analyses enable a nuanced understanding and comparative investigation of change and continuity as well as of mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion.

Book : Law and Memory Towards Legal Governance of History

Law and Memory
Towards Legal Governance of History

Uladzislau Belavusau (University of Amsterdam)
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias (Polish Academy of Sciences)

Cambridge University Press

September 2017

Isbn: 9781108102889

Law and Memory

Legal governance of memory has played a central role in establishing hegemony of monumental history, and has forged national identities and integration processes in Europe and beyond. In this book, a range of contributors explore both the nature and role of legal engagement into historical memory in selected national law, European and international law. They also reflect on potential conflicts between legal governance, political pluralism, and fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression. In recent years, there have been numerous monumental commemoration practices and judicial trials about correlated events all over the world, and this is a prime opportunity to undertake an important global comparative scrutiny of memory laws. Against the background of mass re-writing of history in different parts of the world, this book revisits a fascinating subject of memory laws from the standpoint of comparative law and transitional justice.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Contributors
Introduction: memory laws: mapping a new subject in comparative law and transitional justice Uladzislau Belavusau and Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias
Part I. International Law:
1. The UN Human Rights Committee’s view of the past Antoon De Baets
2. The role of international criminal tribunals in shaping the historical accounts of genocides Marina Aksenova
3. The ‘right to truth’ in international law: the ‘last utopia’? Patricia Naftali
Part II. European Law (Council of Europe and European Union):
4. Kononov vs Latvia as the ontological security struggle over remembering the Second World War Maria Mälksoo
5. Testing the ‘uniqueness’: denial of the Holocaust vs denial of other crimes before the European Court of Human Rights Paolo Lobba
6. Legislating history: the European Union and the denial of international crimes Luigi Cajani
Part III. National Perspectives within European Union:
7. Challenging historical facts and national truths: an analysis of cases from France and Greece Ioanna Tourkochoriti
8. Legal silences and the memory of Francoism in Spain Alfons Aragoneses
9. Politics of public knowledge in dealing with the past: postcommunist experiences and some lessons from the Czech Republic Jiří Přibáň
10. Adjudication in deportation cases of Latvia and international law Ieva Miluna
11. Judging the conducător: fascism, communism and legal discontinuity in post-war Romania Cosmin Sebastian Cercel
12. Dealing with the past in and around the fundamental law in Hungary Miklós Könczöl
13. On the politics of resentment, mis-memory and constitutional fidelity. The demise of the Polish overlapping consensus? Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz
Part IV. Perspectives beyond European Union:
14. Defending Stalinism by means of criminal law: Russia, 1995–2014 Nikolay Koposov
15. Cutting the umbilical cord: the narrative of the national past and future in Ukrainian de-communization policy Lina Klymenko
16. Banning genocide denial – should geography matter? Robert A. Kahn
17. ‘From banning Nakba to bridging narratives’: the collective memory of 1948 and transitional justice for Israelis and Palestinians Jeremie Bracka
18. Historical revisionism and the settler state: the Canadian experience Michael Morden
19. Defense of democracy and the preservation of collective memory through criminal legislation: the challenges of reconciliation in Peru Salvador Herencia Carrasco
Epilogue: beyond ‘memory laws’: towards a general theory of law and historical discourse Eric Heinze
Index.

Editors

Uladzislau Belavusau, University of Amsterdam
Uladzislau Belavusau is Senior Researcher in European Law at the T. M. C. Asser Institute (the Hague), Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias, Polish Academy of Sciences
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias is Senior Researcher in Human Rights at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Contributors

Uladzislau Belavusau, Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias, Antoon De Baets, Marina Aksenova, Patricia Naftali, Maria Mälksoo, Paolo Lobba, Luigi Cajani, Ioanna Tourkochoriti, Alfons Aragoneses, Jiří Přibáň, Ieva Miluna, Cosmin Sebastian Cercel , Miklós Könczöl, Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz, Nikolay Koposov, Lina Klymenko, Robert A. Kahn, Jeremie Bracka, Michael Morden, Salvador Herencia Carrasco, Eric Heinze

 

Book : Cultural Legal Studies

Cultural Legal Studies

Law’s Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law

Cassandra Sharp, Marett Leiboff (ed.)

Routledge, 2017

 

Cultural Legal Studies: Law's Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

What can law’s popular cultures do for law, as a constitutive and interrogative critical practice?  This collection explores such a question through the lens of the ‘cultural legal studies’ movement, which proffers a new encounter with the ‘cultural turn’ in law and legal theory.  Moving beyond the ‘law ands’ (literature, humanities, culture, film, visual and aesthetics) on which it is based, this book demonstrates how the techniques and practices of cultural legal studies can be used to metamorphose law and the legalities that underpin its popular imaginary. By drawing on three different modes of cultural legal studies – storytelling, technology and jurisprudence – the collection showcases the intersectional practices of cultural legal studies, and law in its popular cultural mode.

The contributors to the collection deploy differentiated modes of cultural legal studies practice, adopting diverse philosophical, disciplinary, methodological and theoretical approaches and subjects of examination. The collection draws on this mix of diversity and homogeneity to thread together its overarching theme: that we must take seriously an interrogation of law as culture and in its cultural form. That is, it does not ask how a text ‘represents’ law; but rather how the representational nature of both law and culture intersect so that the ‘juridical’ become visible in various cultural manifestations. In short, it asks: how law’s popular cultures actively effect the metamorphosis of law.

Table of Contents

PART I: Cultural Legal Studies – The Urgency of Method and Story 1. Cultural Legal Studies and Law’s Popular Cultures, Marett Leiboff & Cassandra Sharp 2. Cultural Legal Studies as Law’s Extroversion, Marett Leiboff 3. Finding Stories of Justice in the Art of Conversation: Ethnography in Cultural Legal Studies, Cassandra Sharp PART II: Cultural Legal Studies as Legal Storytelling 4. Interventions into the Feeling of Popular Justice: Australia’s Stolen Generations, the Problem of Sentimentality, and Re-Encountering the Testimonial Form, Honni Van Rijswijk 5. Border Crossings: The Transnational Career of the Television Crime Drama, Sue Turnbull 6. Theatre and the Law in the 21st Century, Peter Robson PART III: Law’s Technologies and Cultural Legal Studies 7. Picturing Justice in a Fraught Legal Arena: Fetus, Phantoms and Mandatory Ultrasounds, Jessica Silbey 8. Peeping: Open Justice and Law’s Voyeurs, Katherine Biber 9. Irony as Method: Reframing Photographs in Cultural Legal Studies, Karen Crawley 10. Bodies, Cinema, Sovereignty: Using Visual Culture Methodologies to Think About Other Ways that Law Might Work, Kirsty Duncanson PART IV: Cultural Legal Studies as Jurisprudence 11. Popular Culture’s Lex Vampirica: The Law of the Undead in True Blood, the Twilight Sagaand The Passage, William Macneil 12. Reading the Law Made Strange: Cultural Legal Studies, Theology and Speculative Fiction, Timothy D Peters 13. Republicanism Meets (Dystopian) Faërie: Harry Potter and the Institutional Disaster, Luis Gómez Romero

About the Editors

Cassandra Sharp‘s research draws on a range of disciplinary methods to empirically explore individual responses to law. Her focus is the use of popular stories by individuals in challenging and constructing legal meaning and identity. She is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre (LIRC) at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

Marett Leiboff is a cultural legal studies and law and humanities scholar who is working on a monograph that explores theatrical jurisprudence. Her scholarship is grounded in her pre-law background in academic theatre studies. Marett is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia.

BOOK : Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition, by Kevin SCHEMBRI

Title: Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition

Author: Kevin SCHEMBRI

Publisher: Orientalia Christiana & Valore Italiano

Series: Kanonika (vol. 23)

Year: 2017

About the book:

How do the Eastern Orthodox Churches understand the mystery of marriage? On what grounds do these Churches concede ecclesiastical divorce and tolerate a new marriage? What is oikonomia and how is it invoked in the Orthodox East? Is the Orthodox position compatible with the Catholic approach to the indissolubility of marriage? Over the last decades, these questions were the subject of numerous studies. This volume builds on this research and attempts to offer a comprehensive systematic answer to these questions. By doing so, it adds to the already rich tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and presents the Western Churches with a valuable resource in their pursuit of ecumenical dialogue, in their dealing with the ever-growing reality of mixed marriages, and in their ministry to the divorced and remarried members of their faithful. Published as volume 23 in the series Kanonika, this study forms part of the various projects launched by the Pontifical Oriental Institute during its centenary celebrations.

About the author:

Kevin Schembri is a lecturer in canon law and coordinator of two master programmes at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Malta. He holds a licentiate in sacred theology from that university, and a licentiate and doctorate in canon law (with specialisation in canonical jurisprudence) from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He is a Catholic priest and serves as promoter of justice and defender of the bond for the Archdiocese of Malta.

For more info: 

http://www.kanonika.org/1/bookshop_1270111.html?product=102191

Book : Le chemin, le geste et la parole. De la norme autochtone au droit coutumier kanak, by Régis Lafargue

 

Parution : 12/2017
Editeur : Dalloz
ISBN : 978-2-2471-7177-4
Site de l’éditeur

Présentation de l’éditeur

Ce livre traite de façon complète et inédite du statut coutumier kanak en Nouvelle-Calédonie et expose le passage de la normativité autochtone à ce droit coutumier kanak, élaboré par des juridictions biculturelles à partir de coutumes autochtones.

Il présente tout d’abord la façon dont se construit ce statut personnel, l’organisation et le régime des terres, puis l’organisation familiale avec l’énoncé des devoirs qui incombent aux divers membres de cette société. Enfin, en conclusion, sont évoqués les droits des victimes de statut coutumier dans une société qui valorise les solidarités, sans pour autant sacrifier la réhabilitation sociale de la victime d’infractions pénales.

L’auteur offre au lecteur le fruit de son expérience de terrain en Nouvelle-Calédonie (2011-2015) en réunissant dans un seul ouvrage 48 décisions marquantes commentées, pour comprendre un système novateur entre norme autochtone et système juridique global, ainsi qu’une confrontation du contenu des décisions « coutumières » avec le contenu de la charte du peuple kanak qui rappelle les principes qui structurent la société kanake.

Sommaire

I. Aux sources institutionnelles et constitutionnelles du statut personnel
La place croissante du droit coutumier dans l’organisation juridique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie
Les règles spécifiques de procédure
Les institutions coutumières

II. Le droit kanak
La terre et le clan
Le mariage par enregistrement et sa dissolution dans un contexte d’alliance interclanique
L’avenir du clan : la filiation, le statut et l’intérêt de l’enfant

III.  Aux limites du droit civil et du droit pénal

L’Esprit du droit , 300 pages.  40€

BOOK : The Judgment of Culture. Cultural Assumptions in American Law

The Judgment of Culture

Cultural Assumptions in American Law

Lawrence Rosen

2018 – Routledge

 

The Judgment of Culture: Cultural Assumptions in American Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

Legal systems do not operate in isolation but in complex cultural contexts.

This original and thought-provoking volume considers how cultural assumptions are built into American legal decision-making, drawing on a series of case studies to demonstrate the range of ways courts express their understanding of human nature, social relationships, and the sense of orderliness that cultural schemes purport to offer. Unpacking issues such as native heritage, male circumcision, and natural law, Rosen provides fresh insight into socio-legal studies, drawing on his extensive experience as both an anthropologist and a law professional to provide a unique perspective on the important issue of law and cultural practice.

The Judgement of Culture will make informative reading for students and scholars of anthropology, law, and related subjects across the social sciences.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part I: Bringing Culture into the Law

1. Defending Culture: The Cultural Defense and the Law’s Theory of Culture

2. Leave It to the Experts? The Anthropologist as Expert Witness

3. What’s It Like? Native Americans and the Ambivalence of Legal Metaphors

Part II: Nature and the Family

4: Should We Just Abolish Marriage? The Uses of Anthropology in Law and Policy

5: What’s Wrong with Incest? Perception and Theory in a Shifting Legal Environment

6: Natural Law or Law Naturalized? Nature v. Culture in the U.S. Supreme Court

Part III: Reaching Out

7: Medicalizing the Law: The Debate over Male Circumcision

8: The Incorporation of Custom: The Case of the Flashing Headlights

9: Is There a Place for Community? The Amish and the American Romance of Community

Conclusion

About the Author

Lawrence Rosen is the William N. Cromwell Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Princeton University, USA, and Adjunct Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, USA. As an anthropologist he has worked on Arab social life and Islamic law; as a legal scholar he has worked on the rights of indigenous peoples and American socio-legal issues. He is a member of the bar of the State of North Carolina and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Book : Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies. A Principle and its Paradoxes

2018 – Routledge

Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: A Principle and its Paradoxes (Hardback) book cover

 

Description

This volume addresses the exercise of personal autonomy in contemporary situations of normative pluralism. In the Western liberal tradition, from a strictly legal and theoretical perspective the social individual has the right to exercise the autonomy of his or her will. In a context of legal plurality, however, personal autonomy becomes more complicated. Can and should personal autonomy be recognized as a legal foundation for protecting a person’s freedom to renounce what others view as his or her fundamental ‘human rights’? This collection develops an interdisciplinary conceptual framework to address these questions and presents empirical studies examining the gap between the principle of personal autonomy and its implementation. In a context of cultural diversity, this gap manifests itself in two particular ways. First, not every culture gives the same pre-eminence to personal autonomy when examining the legal effects of an individual’s acts. Second, in a society characterized by ‘weak pluralism’, the legal assessment of personal autonomy often favours the views of the dominant majority. In highlighting these diverse perspectives and problematizing the so-called ‘guardian function’ of human rights, i.e., purporting to protect weaker parties by limiting their personal autonomy in the name of gender equality, fair trial, etc., this book offers a nuanced approach to the principle of autonomy and addresses the questions of whether it can effectively be deployed in situations of internormativity and what conditions must be met in order to ensure that it is not rendered devoid of all meaning.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Individual Autonomy in Contemporary Plural Societies: How to Reconcile Competing Normative Standards? – Marie-Claire Foblets, Michele Graziadei and Alison Dundes Renteln

Part I: Autonomy in the Face of Cultural Diversity: Disciplinary Perspectives

1. The Fault in our Stars: Personal Autonomy, Philosophy, and the Law – Michele Graziadei

2. Confronting Autonomy in Liberal Practice – Geoffrey Brahm Levey

3. Autonomy and Deeply Embedded Cultural Identities – John Christman

4. Three Approaches to the Protection of Religious Freedom: Choice, Interest, Identity – Avigail Eisenberg

5. Appeals to Choice and Sexual Equality: Debates over Religious Attire – Monique Deveaux

6. Why the Individual must be Defended ~ Seemingly against all Anthropological Odds – Olaf Zenker

Part II: Autonomy in Context: Empirical Illustrations

A: The Majoritarian Assessment of Personal Autonomy

7. Cultural Diversity in the Workplace: Personal Autonomy as a Pillar for the Accommodation of Employees’ Religious Practices? – Katayoun Alidadi

8. Adopting a Face-Veil, Concluding an Islamic Marriage: Autonomy, Agency, and Liberal-Secular Rule – Annelies Moors

9. Unregistered Muslim Marriages in the UK: Examining Normative Influences Shaping Choice of Legal Protection – Rajnaara Akhtar

10. Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? Personal Autonomy, Forced Marriage, and the Inherent Jurisdiction in English Law – Alberto Neidhardt

11. Balancing Migration Policy and Personal Autonomy in Private International Law: A Shattered Illusion?Jinske Verhellen

12. The Anti-Religious Bias in Personal Autonomy: Towards Coherence and a SolutionToon Agten

13. Shaping Notions of Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: Addressing Female Genital Cutting in France and the European Regulatory Framework’s Approach to this Custom – Lucia Bellucci

14. The Human Rights Dimensions of Virginity Restoration Surgery – Alison Dundes Renteln

B. Individual Agency in situ

15. ‘It is Better for Me to Agree When My Guardian is Here’: Consent and Relational Personhood in Postcolonial Malawi – Jessica Johnson

16. The Multiple Search for Autonomy among Moluccans in the Netherlands: A Relational Approach – Keebet von Benda-Beckmann

17. An All but Trivial Abortion: Scrutinizing Sex Selection Legislation in India through the Lens of Women’s Autonomy – Kalindi Kokal

18. Rethinking Social Norms: Contraceptive Use and Women’s Right to Choose in Senegal – Chiara Quagliariello

19. Autonomous Aspirations? Re-reading the CEDAW Drafting Process and Examining Muslim Women’s Contributions – Shaheen Sardar Aliand Arjumand Bano Kazmi

20. ‘That’s not our Culture’: Paradoxes of Personal Property in Indigenous Self-Governance – Ian Kalman

About the Editors

Marie-Claire Foblets is Director of the Department of Law and Anthropology at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany and Professor of Law at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.

Michele Graziadei is Professor of Comparative Law at the University of Turin, Italy and President of the Italian Society for Research on Comparative Law (SIRD).

Alison Dundes Renteln is Professor of Political Science, Anthropology, Law, and Public Policy at the University of Southern California, where she teaches International Law and Human Rights.

 

BOOK :Space, Time, Justice From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives

Space, Time, Justice

From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives

David Marrani

2018 – Routledge

Space, Time, Justice: From Archaic Rituals to Contemporary Perspectives (Hardback) book cover

Description

This book merges philosophical, psychoanalytical and legal perspectives to explore how spaces of justice are changing and the effect this has on the development of the administration of justice. There are as central themes: the idea of transgression as the starting point of the question of justice and its archaic anchor; the relation between spaces of justice and ritual(s); the question of use and abuse of transparency in contemporary courts; and the abolition of the judicial walls with the use of cameras in courts. It offers a comparative approach, looking at spaces of justice in both the civil and common law traditions. Presenting a theoretical and interdisciplinary study of spaces of justice, it will appeal to academics in the fields of law, criminology, sociology and architecture.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter One: Transgression as the ‘big bang’ of society

Chapter Two: Judicial spaces and ritual(s) of justice. The relation between time and space in the trial

Chapter Three: Contemporary spaces of justice: use and abuse of transparency

Chapter Four: The abolition of the judicial walls: cameras in courts and the reshaping of judicial spaces

Chapter 5: Conclusion

About the Author :

Dr David Marrani studied law, philosophy and psychoanalysis in France and in the UK. He is professor and director at the Institute of Law, Jersey. He teaches undergraduate and postgraduate students on Common Law Reasoning, Comparative Law, Comparative Public Law, Jurisprudence and Critical Studies. He is a Visiting Professor at several European and International universities. His research relates to comparative public law and the intersections between law, philosophy and psychoanalysis. He is series general editor for Routledge Research in Constitutional Law and the SLS convenor for comparative law.

BOOK : Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law

Wendy A. Adams

2017 – Routledge

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law (Hardback) book cover

Description

Drawing upon theories of critical legal pluralism and psychological theories of narrative identity, this book argues for an understanding of popular culture as legal authority, unmediated by translation into state law. In narrating our identities, we draw upon collective cultural narratives, and our narrative/nomos obligational selves become the nexus for law and popular culture as mutually constitutive discourse.

The author demonstrates the efficacy and desirability of applying a pluralist legal analysis to examine a much broader scope of subject matter than is possible through the restricted perspective of state law alone. The study considers whether presumptively illegal acts might actually be instances of a re-imagined, alternative legality, and the concomitant implications. As an illustrative example, works of critical dystopia and the beliefs and behaviours of eco/animal-terrorists can be understood as shared narrative and normative commitments that constitute law just as fully as does the state when it legislates and adjudicates.

This book will be of great interest to academics and scholars of law and popular culture, as well as those involved in interdisciplinary work in legal pluralism.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. A framework for Re-imagining Law

3. Legal Pluralism as Capacity and Result

4. Obligation and Identity

5. Resistance has Rules

6. Conclusion

References

Index

About the Author

Wendy A. Adams is Associate Professor of Law, McGill University, Canada. Her research interests are in the areas of legal pluralism, law and popular culture, commodification, and human-animal studies. She has published on these and related topics.

Book : Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

John R. Campbell

Routledge, 2017

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom's Asylum System

The central concern of this book is to find answers to fundamental questions about the British asylum system and how it operates. Based on ethnographic research over a two-year period, the work follows and analyses numerous asylum appeals through the British courts. It draws on myriad interviews with individuals and a thorough examination of many state and non-state organizations to understand how the system works. While the organization of the book reflects the formal asylum process, a focus on specific legal appeals reveals the ‘political’ factors at play as different institutions and actors seek to influence judicial decision-making and overturn/uphold official asylum policy. The final chapter draws on the author’s ethnographic findings of the UK’s ‘asylum field’ to re-examine research on the Refugee Determination System in the US, Canada and Australia which has narrowly focused on judicial decision-making. It argues that analysis of Refugee Determination Systems must be situated and studied as part of a wider, political, semi-autonomous ‘asylum field’ which needs to be better understood.

Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1. An anthropological approach to studying the asylum field

Chapter 2. The evolution of the British Asylum System

Chapter 3. The work of the British Home Office and UK Border Agency

Chapter 4. Taking and making refugee claims: The work of immigration caseworkers, interpeters and barristers

Chapter 5. The Immigration and Asylum Tribunal and the work of Immigration Judges

Chapter 6. The politics of ‘permission’ and the Court of Appeal

Chapter 7. The Kafkaesque experience of asylum seekers

Chapter 8. Interest groups, asylum policy and Home Office intransigence

Conclusion and Postscript

About the Author

Dr John R. Campbell is a Reader in the Anthropology of Africa and Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He has undertaken fieldwork in Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia and the UK, and has undertaken development-related consultancies in Kenya, Ethiopia and Botswana. In addition to teaching the anthropology of development and the ethnography of Eastern Africa, he teaches courses on legal anthropology. His most recent book is Nationalism, Law and Stateless: Grand Illusions in the Horn of Africa (Routledge, 2013).

 

 

BOOK : Gabriel Gatti (ed.) Un mundo de víctimas.

Gabriel GATTI (ed.)

Un mundo de víctimas.

Barcelona, Anthropos, 2017.

ISBN:978-84-16421-57-2

UN MUNDO DE VÍCTIMAS
Bajo la edición de Gabriel Gatti Anthropos edita Un mundo de víctimas, que culmina el ciclo de publicaciones principales del proyecto Mundo(s) de víctimas. Además de los estudios de caso y de análisis de situaciones y escenas trasversales al “campo de las víctimas” en España (espacio judicial, vida cultural, escuelas, leyes…) propone un cuadro teórico amplio para entender los matices y aristas de la dimensión sociológica de las víctimas, con un glosario crítico, y varios desarrollos singulares acerca del nuevo espacio de las víctimas o las paradojas de la identidad de la víctima cuando se cruza con el ciudadano. Cuenta con textos breves de colaboradores invitados ad hoc (Nicolas Dodier, Janine Barbot, Sandrine Lefranc, Paco Ferrandiz, Jon Mirena Landa, Galo Bilbao, Fabiana Rousseaux) y los textos de los miembros del equipo: Maria Martinez, Ignacio Irazuzta, Sandrine Revet, Silvia Rodríguez Maeso, David Casado, Josebe Martinez, Suso Izquierdo, Mamen Peñaranda, Marti Oliver, Andres Gomez Seguel, Iñaki Robles, Ramón Saez o Adriana Villalón. Es un trabajo muy editado, de autoría colectiva, multidisciplinar y comparativo, que aspira a inaugurar una sociología de las víctimas en España.
PRESENTACIÓN. Un mundo de víctimas, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 5
HERRAMIENTAS TEÓRICAS
TEXTO 1. La teoría heredada para pensar la víctima.
Insuficiencia, nostalgia y negación, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 27
TEXTO 2. Glosario para la nueva víctima,
por Equipo de investigación Mundo(s) de víctimas …………… 36
EL MUNDO DE LAS VÍCTIMAS EN ESPAÑA
(Y MÁS ALLÁ)
TEXTO 3. El campo de las víctimas. Disensos, consensos
e imaginarios compartidos en el nacimiento del
ciudadano-víctima, por Gabriel Gatti y María Martínez …….. 73
TEXTO 4. Víctimas de raíz política (las dueñas del campo
y del nombre), por Gabriel Gatti …………………………………….. 91
TEXTO 5. Víctimas de violencia de género (las víctimas
habladas), por David Casado-Neira y María Martínez ……….. 112
TEXTO 6. Víctimas de accidentes de tráfico (las víctimas
que no lo son), por María del Carmen Peñaranda-Cólera
y Martí Oliver-Mora (con la colaboración de Andrés G.
Seguel) ………………………………………………………………………… 130
TEXTO 7. Bebés robados (víctimas que desean serlo),
por Gabriel Gatti y Sandrine Revet ………………………………….. 151
TEXTO 8. ¿Víctimas sin victimismo? Por una memoria
elaborada del genocidio franquista, por Jesús Izquierdo
Martín ………………………………………………………………………… 165
ENTRE EXPERTOS Y ADMINISTRACIONES
TEXTO 9. El gobierno de las víctimas. Instituciones, prácticas
técnicas y oficios que hacen (a) las víctimas,
por Ignacio Irazuzta y Gabriel Gatti ………………………………… 183
TEXTO 10. Entre víctimas: investigando las exhumaciones
de las fosas comunes de la Guerra Civil en la España
contemporánea, por Francisco Ferrándiz ………………………… 209
TEXTO 11. Las víctimas del terror de Estado en el marco
de las Políticas Públicas de Reparación,
por Fabiana Rousseaux …………………………………………………. 220
TEXTO 12. Ejercer el oficio de especialista en justicia
transicional, por Sandrine Lefranc ………………………………….. 231
LA VÍCTIMA ANTE LA LEY
TEXTO 13. Leyes sobre víctimas en España: los ciudadanos
de vidas vulnerables, por Gabriel Gatti e Ignacio Irazuzta …. 243
TEXTO 14. El regreso de la víctima en la evolución del
sistema penal, por Ramón Sáez Valcárcel ………………………… 259
TEXTO 15. Leyes de víctimas y derecho penal: simetrías y
asimetrías con especial atención a la violencia política,
por Jon-Mirena Landa Gorostiza …………………………………….. 269
TEXTO 16. La víctima en escena: una etnografía en los
juzgados de violencia contra la mujer, por Gabriel Gatti,
María Martínez y Sandrine Revet ……………………………………. 281
TEXTO 17. Las víctimas a juicio, por Janine Barbot
y Nicolas Dodier …………………………………………………………… 296
LO HUMANO VULNERADO
Y LA EDUCACIÓN MORAL
Texto 18. Las víctimas en la escuela vasca: iniciativas políticas
para una «educación sentimental», por Ignacio Irazuzta,
Silvia Rodríguez Maeso y Adriana Villalón ……………………….. 309
Texto 19. Inocencia y reconocimiento, Galo Bilbao Alberdi ……. 331
Texto 20. Cuidado, vulnerabilidad, víctima. Elementos para
una problemática psicosocial, por Pascale Molinier ………….. 340
ESTÉTICA Y LENGUAJE DE LAS VÍCTIMAS
TEXTO 21. La víctima y la cultura barroca, por Josebe Martínez
y David Casado-Neira ……………………………………………………. 351
431
TEXTO 22. Relatos culturales de la víctima, por Jaume Peris
Blanes …………………………………………………………………………. 370
TEXTO 23. La autoridad de la víctima. Lo cómico y la violencia,
por António Sousa Ribeiro …………………………………………….. 384
TEXTO 24. La Transición española y sus víctimas,
por Josebe Martínez ………………………………………………………. 395

BOOK : Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte (ed.) The Sacred and the Law. The Durkheimian Legacy

Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte (ed).

The Sacred and the Law.

The Durkheimian Legacy

Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann 2017

Series of the
Käte Hamburger Center for
Advanced Study in the Humanities « Law as Culture »

There is little doubt about the importance of Emile Durkheim’s work and the influence it had on the social sciences. His insights into the realms of normativity in particular remain an inspiring mine of information for theoretical reflection and empirical analyses. While his strengths, as we know nowadays, might not have always laid in systematic arguments, his main concerns have shaped the development of social thought in fundamental ways: the question of changing social bonds and the problem of integration; belief and unbelief in societal values; acceptance and rejection of the law, obligation and rights; inner tensions of normative orders; the problem of aligning the polymorphism of normativities with the polymorphic structures of society – and, hence, the project of normative and social pluralism. The Sacred occupies an important dual position in this context: marking an autonomous sphere of the Holy, endangered and upstaged by processes of modernization, and at the same time a fundamental trait of sociality, culture and normativity in general, thus providing the basis even still for modern, ‘secularized’ forms of collective beliefs. The current volume is comprised of contributions from a variety of disciplinary perspectives dealing with a wide range of topics in the realm of normativity in order to recall these important issues and demonstrate the influence and moment of Durkheim’s thinking on matters of the Sacred and the law.

The list of contents can be found here

About the editors :

Werner Gephart is a legal scholar, sociologist, artist, and Founding Director of the Käte Hamburger Center for Advanced Study in the Humanities « Law as Culture »

Daniel Witte is sociologist and research coordinator at the Käte Hamburger Center « Law as Culture »

Summary :

Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte, The Social, the Sacred and the Cult of Law: Some Introductory Remarks on the Durkheimian Legacy , p. 7

I. In the Realm of Normativity

Steven Lukes, Norms as Social Facts, p. 33
Stephen Turner, Durkheim as a Neo-Kantian Philosopher, p. 49

II. Durkheim as a Reader of Legal Studies

Jean-Louis Halpérin, Durkheim et la culture juridique de son temps , p. 73
Raja Sakrani, Cultures de droit judaïque et islamique : Un regard durkheimien, p. 93

III. The Sacred Ground of Private Law

Werner Gephart, On the Religious Origins of Private Law. Émile Durkheim, Paul Huvelin, and Emmanuel Lévy , p. 115
Laurent de Sutter, Durkheimian Mysteries: Law, Magic and the Sacred in Paul Huvelin and Marcel Mauss , p. 139
Laura R. Ford, Legacies of the Sacred in Private Law: Roman Civic Religion, Property, and Contract , p. 157

IV. The Non-Contractual Elements of Contract

Jean-Louis Fabiani, Contract, Context, Social Action, p. 203
Dirk Tänzler, Reading Hobbes with Durkheim: The Ritual Roots of Politics, p. 213

V. The Politics of Law and Religion

Daniel Witte, Passing the Torch: From Durkheim’s Statism to Bourdieu’s Critique of the State , p. 229
Jan Christoph Suntrup, Deliberation and the “Social Brain”. Durkheim’s Theory of Democracy and Political Legitimacy , p. 263
Prakash Shah, Provincializing Durkheim’s Religion, p. 283
Daniel Šuber, Law from Myth? A Study in Living Law in Serbia, p. 301

VI. In the Realm of Global Normativity

Marta Bucholc, Entangled Normativities: Durkheimian Scenarios for Late Modernity, p. 339
Roger Cotterrell, Moral Individualism Today: Human Rights and Dignity through a Durkheimian Lens , p. 359