BOOK : Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law

Wendy A. Adams

2017 – Routledge

Popular Culture and Legal Pluralism: Narrative as Law (Hardback) book cover

Description

Drawing upon theories of critical legal pluralism and psychological theories of narrative identity, this book argues for an understanding of popular culture as legal authority, unmediated by translation into state law. In narrating our identities, we draw upon collective cultural narratives, and our narrative/nomos obligational selves become the nexus for law and popular culture as mutually constitutive discourse.

The author demonstrates the efficacy and desirability of applying a pluralist legal analysis to examine a much broader scope of subject matter than is possible through the restricted perspective of state law alone. The study considers whether presumptively illegal acts might actually be instances of a re-imagined, alternative legality, and the concomitant implications. As an illustrative example, works of critical dystopia and the beliefs and behaviours of eco/animal-terrorists can be understood as shared narrative and normative commitments that constitute law just as fully as does the state when it legislates and adjudicates.

This book will be of great interest to academics and scholars of law and popular culture, as well as those involved in interdisciplinary work in legal pluralism.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. A framework for Re-imagining Law

3. Legal Pluralism as Capacity and Result

4. Obligation and Identity

5. Resistance has Rules

6. Conclusion

References

Index

About the Author

Wendy A. Adams is Associate Professor of Law, McGill University, Canada. Her research interests are in the areas of legal pluralism, law and popular culture, commodification, and human-animal studies. She has published on these and related topics.

Book : Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom’s Asylum System

John R. Campbell

Routledge, 2017

Bureaucracy, Law and Dystopia in the United Kingdom's Asylum System

The central concern of this book is to find answers to fundamental questions about the British asylum system and how it operates. Based on ethnographic research over a two-year period, the work follows and analyses numerous asylum appeals through the British courts. It draws on myriad interviews with individuals and a thorough examination of many state and non-state organizations to understand how the system works. While the organization of the book reflects the formal asylum process, a focus on specific legal appeals reveals the ‘political’ factors at play as different institutions and actors seek to influence judicial decision-making and overturn/uphold official asylum policy. The final chapter draws on the author’s ethnographic findings of the UK’s ‘asylum field’ to re-examine research on the Refugee Determination System in the US, Canada and Australia which has narrowly focused on judicial decision-making. It argues that analysis of Refugee Determination Systems must be situated and studied as part of a wider, political, semi-autonomous ‘asylum field’ which needs to be better understood.

Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1. An anthropological approach to studying the asylum field

Chapter 2. The evolution of the British Asylum System

Chapter 3. The work of the British Home Office and UK Border Agency

Chapter 4. Taking and making refugee claims: The work of immigration caseworkers, interpeters and barristers

Chapter 5. The Immigration and Asylum Tribunal and the work of Immigration Judges

Chapter 6. The politics of ‘permission’ and the Court of Appeal

Chapter 7. The Kafkaesque experience of asylum seekers

Chapter 8. Interest groups, asylum policy and Home Office intransigence

Conclusion and Postscript

About the Author

Dr John R. Campbell is a Reader in the Anthropology of Africa and Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He has undertaken fieldwork in Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia and the UK, and has undertaken development-related consultancies in Kenya, Ethiopia and Botswana. In addition to teaching the anthropology of development and the ethnography of Eastern Africa, he teaches courses on legal anthropology. His most recent book is Nationalism, Law and Stateless: Grand Illusions in the Horn of Africa (Routledge, 2013).

 

 

BOOK : Gabriel Gatti (ed.) Un mundo de víctimas.

Gabriel GATTI (ed.)

Un mundo de víctimas.

Barcelona, Anthropos, 2017.

ISBN:978-84-16421-57-2

UN MUNDO DE VÍCTIMAS
Bajo la edición de Gabriel Gatti Anthropos edita Un mundo de víctimas, que culmina el ciclo de publicaciones principales del proyecto Mundo(s) de víctimas. Además de los estudios de caso y de análisis de situaciones y escenas trasversales al “campo de las víctimas” en España (espacio judicial, vida cultural, escuelas, leyes…) propone un cuadro teórico amplio para entender los matices y aristas de la dimensión sociológica de las víctimas, con un glosario crítico, y varios desarrollos singulares acerca del nuevo espacio de las víctimas o las paradojas de la identidad de la víctima cuando se cruza con el ciudadano. Cuenta con textos breves de colaboradores invitados ad hoc (Nicolas Dodier, Janine Barbot, Sandrine Lefranc, Paco Ferrandiz, Jon Mirena Landa, Galo Bilbao, Fabiana Rousseaux) y los textos de los miembros del equipo: Maria Martinez, Ignacio Irazuzta, Sandrine Revet, Silvia Rodríguez Maeso, David Casado, Josebe Martinez, Suso Izquierdo, Mamen Peñaranda, Marti Oliver, Andres Gomez Seguel, Iñaki Robles, Ramón Saez o Adriana Villalón. Es un trabajo muy editado, de autoría colectiva, multidisciplinar y comparativo, que aspira a inaugurar una sociología de las víctimas en España.
PRESENTACIÓN. Un mundo de víctimas, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 5
HERRAMIENTAS TEÓRICAS
TEXTO 1. La teoría heredada para pensar la víctima.
Insuficiencia, nostalgia y negación, por Gabriel Gatti ………. 27
TEXTO 2. Glosario para la nueva víctima,
por Equipo de investigación Mundo(s) de víctimas …………… 36
EL MUNDO DE LAS VÍCTIMAS EN ESPAÑA
(Y MÁS ALLÁ)
TEXTO 3. El campo de las víctimas. Disensos, consensos
e imaginarios compartidos en el nacimiento del
ciudadano-víctima, por Gabriel Gatti y María Martínez …….. 73
TEXTO 4. Víctimas de raíz política (las dueñas del campo
y del nombre), por Gabriel Gatti …………………………………….. 91
TEXTO 5. Víctimas de violencia de género (las víctimas
habladas), por David Casado-Neira y María Martínez ……….. 112
TEXTO 6. Víctimas de accidentes de tráfico (las víctimas
que no lo son), por María del Carmen Peñaranda-Cólera
y Martí Oliver-Mora (con la colaboración de Andrés G.
Seguel) ………………………………………………………………………… 130
TEXTO 7. Bebés robados (víctimas que desean serlo),
por Gabriel Gatti y Sandrine Revet ………………………………….. 151
TEXTO 8. ¿Víctimas sin victimismo? Por una memoria
elaborada del genocidio franquista, por Jesús Izquierdo
Martín ………………………………………………………………………… 165
ENTRE EXPERTOS Y ADMINISTRACIONES
TEXTO 9. El gobierno de las víctimas. Instituciones, prácticas
técnicas y oficios que hacen (a) las víctimas,
por Ignacio Irazuzta y Gabriel Gatti ………………………………… 183
TEXTO 10. Entre víctimas: investigando las exhumaciones
de las fosas comunes de la Guerra Civil en la España
contemporánea, por Francisco Ferrándiz ………………………… 209
TEXTO 11. Las víctimas del terror de Estado en el marco
de las Políticas Públicas de Reparación,
por Fabiana Rousseaux …………………………………………………. 220
TEXTO 12. Ejercer el oficio de especialista en justicia
transicional, por Sandrine Lefranc ………………………………….. 231
LA VÍCTIMA ANTE LA LEY
TEXTO 13. Leyes sobre víctimas en España: los ciudadanos
de vidas vulnerables, por Gabriel Gatti e Ignacio Irazuzta …. 243
TEXTO 14. El regreso de la víctima en la evolución del
sistema penal, por Ramón Sáez Valcárcel ………………………… 259
TEXTO 15. Leyes de víctimas y derecho penal: simetrías y
asimetrías con especial atención a la violencia política,
por Jon-Mirena Landa Gorostiza …………………………………….. 269
TEXTO 16. La víctima en escena: una etnografía en los
juzgados de violencia contra la mujer, por Gabriel Gatti,
María Martínez y Sandrine Revet ……………………………………. 281
TEXTO 17. Las víctimas a juicio, por Janine Barbot
y Nicolas Dodier …………………………………………………………… 296
LO HUMANO VULNERADO
Y LA EDUCACIÓN MORAL
Texto 18. Las víctimas en la escuela vasca: iniciativas políticas
para una «educación sentimental», por Ignacio Irazuzta,
Silvia Rodríguez Maeso y Adriana Villalón ……………………….. 309
Texto 19. Inocencia y reconocimiento, Galo Bilbao Alberdi ……. 331
Texto 20. Cuidado, vulnerabilidad, víctima. Elementos para
una problemática psicosocial, por Pascale Molinier ………….. 340
ESTÉTICA Y LENGUAJE DE LAS VÍCTIMAS
TEXTO 21. La víctima y la cultura barroca, por Josebe Martínez
y David Casado-Neira ……………………………………………………. 351
431
TEXTO 22. Relatos culturales de la víctima, por Jaume Peris
Blanes …………………………………………………………………………. 370
TEXTO 23. La autoridad de la víctima. Lo cómico y la violencia,
por António Sousa Ribeiro …………………………………………….. 384
TEXTO 24. La Transición española y sus víctimas,
por Josebe Martínez ………………………………………………………. 395

Seminar : Forum Law as Culture

Program “Forum Law as Culture” for the 1st quarter of 2018

 

 

Through its homonymous forum, the Käte Hamburger Center for Advanced Study in the Humanities “Law as Culture” offers a space for interdisciplinary and intercultural exchange with international guests and fellows at the Center. The forum events take place on Tuesdays in the Center’s Max Weber Lecture Room and are open to the interested public. Admission is free.

The entire program from January to March 2018 can be accessed here (PDF).

Detailed information on individual lectures can be accessed under Activities.

BOOK : Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte (ed.) The Sacred and the Law. The Durkheimian Legacy

Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte (ed).

The Sacred and the Law.

The Durkheimian Legacy

Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann 2017

Series of the
Käte Hamburger Center for
Advanced Study in the Humanities « Law as Culture »

There is little doubt about the importance of Emile Durkheim’s work and the influence it had on the social sciences. His insights into the realms of normativity in particular remain an inspiring mine of information for theoretical reflection and empirical analyses. While his strengths, as we know nowadays, might not have always laid in systematic arguments, his main concerns have shaped the development of social thought in fundamental ways: the question of changing social bonds and the problem of integration; belief and unbelief in societal values; acceptance and rejection of the law, obligation and rights; inner tensions of normative orders; the problem of aligning the polymorphism of normativities with the polymorphic structures of society – and, hence, the project of normative and social pluralism. The Sacred occupies an important dual position in this context: marking an autonomous sphere of the Holy, endangered and upstaged by processes of modernization, and at the same time a fundamental trait of sociality, culture and normativity in general, thus providing the basis even still for modern, ‘secularized’ forms of collective beliefs. The current volume is comprised of contributions from a variety of disciplinary perspectives dealing with a wide range of topics in the realm of normativity in order to recall these important issues and demonstrate the influence and moment of Durkheim’s thinking on matters of the Sacred and the law.

The list of contents can be found here

About the editors :

Werner Gephart is a legal scholar, sociologist, artist, and Founding Director of the Käte Hamburger Center for Advanced Study in the Humanities « Law as Culture »

Daniel Witte is sociologist and research coordinator at the Käte Hamburger Center « Law as Culture »

Summary :

Werner Gephart, Daniel Witte, The Social, the Sacred and the Cult of Law: Some Introductory Remarks on the Durkheimian Legacy , p. 7

I. In the Realm of Normativity

Steven Lukes, Norms as Social Facts, p. 33
Stephen Turner, Durkheim as a Neo-Kantian Philosopher, p. 49

II. Durkheim as a Reader of Legal Studies

Jean-Louis Halpérin, Durkheim et la culture juridique de son temps , p. 73
Raja Sakrani, Cultures de droit judaïque et islamique : Un regard durkheimien, p. 93

III. The Sacred Ground of Private Law

Werner Gephart, On the Religious Origins of Private Law. Émile Durkheim, Paul Huvelin, and Emmanuel Lévy , p. 115
Laurent de Sutter, Durkheimian Mysteries: Law, Magic and the Sacred in Paul Huvelin and Marcel Mauss , p. 139
Laura R. Ford, Legacies of the Sacred in Private Law: Roman Civic Religion, Property, and Contract , p. 157

IV. The Non-Contractual Elements of Contract

Jean-Louis Fabiani, Contract, Context, Social Action, p. 203
Dirk Tänzler, Reading Hobbes with Durkheim: The Ritual Roots of Politics, p. 213

V. The Politics of Law and Religion

Daniel Witte, Passing the Torch: From Durkheim’s Statism to Bourdieu’s Critique of the State , p. 229
Jan Christoph Suntrup, Deliberation and the “Social Brain”. Durkheim’s Theory of Democracy and Political Legitimacy , p. 263
Prakash Shah, Provincializing Durkheim’s Religion, p. 283
Daniel Šuber, Law from Myth? A Study in Living Law in Serbia, p. 301

VI. In the Realm of Global Normativity

Marta Bucholc, Entangled Normativities: Durkheimian Scenarios for Late Modernity, p. 339
Roger Cotterrell, Moral Individualism Today: Human Rights and Dignity through a Durkheimian Lens , p. 359

Book : Shirin Naef, Kinship, law and religion

Shirin Naef

Kinship, law and religion.

An anthropological study of assisted reproductive technologies in Iran

Francke Verlag: Tübingen

Tübinger Studien zur Ethik – Tübingen Studies in Ethics, 7

ISBN : 978-3-7720-8616-8

Since the first IVF birth in 1990, the Iranian medical community has not only given full support to the use and development of assisted reproductive technology but has aided the emergence of a powerful, locally-trained body of medical practitioners and biomedical researchers. At the same time, from a religious point of view, most Shia legal authorities – differences of opinion notwithstanding – have taken a relatively permissive view and generally support assisted reproductive technology, including procedures that involve egg, sperm and embryo donation as well as surrogacy arrangements under certain conditions. An examination of the social, legal and ethical aspects of the development and implementation of these technologies in Iran is the subject of this book. It is based on a combination of extensive ethnographic research and textual analysis of important academic and religious seminary publications in Iran, from Shia jurisprudence (fiqh) and Persian histories to the analysis of laws and verdicts.

PhD : Benoit Éthier

Orocowewin notcimik itatcihowin : ontologie politique et contemporanéité des responsabilités et des droits territoriaux chez les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok (Haute-Mauricie, Québec) dans le contexte des négociations territoriales globales

Benoit  


Université Laval, Québec

:
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Pour consulter la thèse cliquez ici
Résumé:

Cette recherche doctorale s’inscrit dans les champs des études autochtones, de l’anthropologie juridique et de l’ontologie politique. À partir d’une analyse du processus d’élaboration du code de pratiques chez les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok, cette étude s’intéresse à l’articulation et à la traduction de pratiques, de processus et de principes normatifs nehirowisiwok dans un contexte de négociations territoriales et de dialogue avec les institutions étatiques. Cette recherche s’intéresse au phénomène du pluralisme juridique – à la description empirique et à l’analyse des processus de négociations, de traductions et de reformulations qui se produisent, dans un rapport souvent asymétrique, entre, par exemple, les ordres normatifs autochtones et le droit étatique. À l’instar d’autres Premières Nations, les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok sont engagés, depuis les dernières décennies, dans des revendications d’autodétermination visant à faire reconnaître à la fois leurs droits et leurs propres pratiques politiques et de gestion territoriale. Contrairement toutefois à d’autres Premières Nations, comme les Cris (Eeyouch / Eenouch) de la Baie James ou les Nisgaa’ de la Côte-Ouest canadienne, les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok n’ont, à ce jour, signé aucun traité, historique ou moderne, avec les gouvernements du Québec et du Canada. Les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok sont pleinement conscients du risque de négocier et d’utiliser les systèmes et instances politiques et juridiques de l’État pour faire reconnaître leur droit à l’autodétermination. Ils sont aussi pleinement conscients qu’ils sont confrontés à la présence inévitable de conflits ontologiques et épistémologiques. Toutefois, et en dépit des nombreux obstacles, ils demeurent mobilisés et engagés dans ces négociations inévitables avec les institutions étatiques. Dans cette mobilisation, les Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok maintiennent l’espoir de faire reconnaître leurs propres visions du politique, manières d’êtres-au-monde et aspirations. Pour reprendre le terme de Blaser (2004), ces démarches articulent et présentent des « projets de vie » autochtones fondés sur des rapports particuliers aux territoires et aux non-humains, sur des mémoires, des attentes et des désirs. Ces « projets de vie » se mobilisent concrètement dans les pratiques quotidiennes, les relations aux territoires familiaux, les activités de chasse et dans les mobilisations des Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok autour de la reconnaissance de leurs droits.

Abstract:

This doctoral research encompasses the fields of Indigenous studies, legal anthropology and political ontology. Through an analysis of the elaboration of the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok code of practices, this study examines the articulation and translation of Nehirowisiwok normative practices, processes and principles in a context of territorial negotiations and dialogue with state institutions. This research focuses on the phenomenon of legal pluralism – the empirical description and analysis of the processes of negotiations, translations and reformulations that often take place, in asymmetrical relationship, notably between indigenous normative orders and state law. Like other First Nations, the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok have, over the past few decades, been involved in self-determination claims for the recognition of their rights, as well as their political and territorial management practices. Unlike other First Nations, however, such as the James Bay Cree (Eeyouch / Eenouch) or the Nisgaa’ of the Canadian West Coast, the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok have not so far signed any treaty, historical or modern, with the governments of Quebec and Canada. The Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok are fully aware of the risk involved in such negotiations and of using the political and legal systems of the State in order to have their right to self-determination recognized. They are also conscious of the unavoidable ontological and epistemological conflicts they face. However, in spite of these obstacles, they remain mobilized and engaged in these inevitable negotiations with state institutions. In this mobilization, the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok remain hopeful that their own political visions, as well as their ways of being-in-the-world and aspirations will be recognized. These efforts articulate and exhibit what Blaser (2004) defines as indigenous “life projects”, based on specific relations to the land and non-human agencies, on memory, expectations and desires. These “life projects” are mobilized concretely in daily practices, relationships to family territories, hunting activities and through the various mobilizations enacted by the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok around the recognition of their rights.

Ablavsky on Original Meanings of « Indian Tribes »

Gregory Ablavsky, Stanford Law School, has posted « With the Indian Tribes »: Race, Citizenship, and Original Constitutional Meanings, which is forthcoming in the Stanford Law Review.

Under black-letter law declared in Morton v. Mancari, federal classifications of individuals as “Indian” based on membership in a federally recognized tribe rely on a political, not a racial, distinction, and so are generally subject only to rational-basis review. But the Supreme Court recently questioned this long-standing dichotomy, resulting in renewed challenges arguing that, because tribal membership usually requires Native ancestry, such classifications are race-based.

The term “Indian” appears twice in the original U.S. Constitution. A large and important scholarly literature has developed arguing that this specific constitutional inclusion of “Indian tribes” mitigates equal protection concerns. Missing from these discussions, however, is much consideration of these terms’ meaning at the time of the Constitution’s adoption. Most scholars have concluded that there is a lack of evidence on this point—a “gap” in the historical record.

This Essay uses legal, intellectual, and cultural history to close that “gap” and reconstruct the historical meanings of “tribe” and “Indian” in the late eighteenth century. Rather than a single “original meaning,” it finds duality: Anglo-Americans of the time also alternated between referring to Native communities as “nations,” which connoted equality, and “tribes,” which conveyed Natives’ purported uncivilized status. They also defined “Indians” both in racial terms, as non-white, and in jurisdictional terms, as non-citizens.

These contrasting meanings, I argue, have potentially important doctrinal implications for current debates in Indian law, depending on the interpretive approach applied. Although the term “tribe” had at times derogatory connotations, its use in the Constitution bolsters arguments emphasizing the significance of Native descent and arguably weakens current attacks on Native sovereignty based on invidious legal distinctions among Native communities. Similarly, there is convincing evidence to read “Indian” in the Constitution in political terms, justifying Morton’s dichotomy. But interpreting “Indian” as a “racial” category also provides little solace to Indian law’s critics, since it fundamentally undermines their insistence on a colorblind Constitution.

Book : Human Rights Encounter Legal Pluralism

Human Rights Encounter Legal Pluralism

Normative and Empirical Approaches

Giselle Corradi, Eva Brems, Mark Goodale (ed.)

ISBN : 9781849467612

Hart Publishing, 2017

Media of Human Rights Encounter Legal Pluralism

About Human Rights Encounter Legal Pluralism

This collection of essays interrogates how human rights law and practice acquire meaning in relation to legal pluralism, ie, the co-existence of more than one regulatory order in a same social field. As a social phenomenon, legal pluralism exists in all societies. As a legal construction, it is characteristic of particular regions, such as post-colonial contexts. Drawing on experiences from Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Europe, the contributions in this volume analyse how different configurations of legal pluralism interplay with the legal and the social life of human rights. At the same time, they enquire into how human rights law and practice influence interactions that are subject to regulation by more than one normative regime. Aware of numerous misunderstandings and of the mutual suspicion that tends to exist between human rights scholars and anthropologists, the volume includes contributions from experts in both disciplines and intends to build bridges between normative and empirical theory.

Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
1. Human Rights and Legal Pluralism: Four Research Agendas
Giselle Corradi
PART ONE: NORMATIVE APPROACHES
2. Legal Pluralism as a Human Right and/or as a Human Rights Violation
Eva Brems
3. Legal Pluralism and International Human Rights Law: A Multifaceted Relationship
Ellen Desmet
4. Human Rights, Cultural Diversity and Legal Pluralism from an Indigenous Perspective: The Awas Tingni Case
Felipe Gómez Isa
5. Taking the Challenge of Legal Pluralism for Human Rights Seriously
André Hoekema
6. Indigenous Justice and the Right to a Fair Trial
Giselle Corradi

PART TWO: EMPIRICAL APPROACHES
7. Gender, Human Rights and Legal Pluralities in Southern Africa: A Matter of Context and Power
Anne Hellum and Rosalie Katsande
8. Women’s Rights and Transnational Aid Programmes in Niger: The Conundrums and Possibilities of Neoliberalism and Legal Pluralism
Kari B Henquinet
9. Legal Borderlands: Ghanaian Human Rights Advocacy between the Layers of Law
Catherine Buerger
10. Insiders’ Perspectives on Muslim Divorce in Belgium: A Women’s Rights Analysis
Kim Lecoyer
11. Through the Looking Glass of Diversity: The Right to Family Life from the Perspectives of Transnational
Families in Belgium
Barbara Truffi n and Olivier Struelens

Journal : Demystifying Legal Pluralism

Demystifying Legal Pluralism

M. Isabel Garrido Gómez (University of Alcala) has posted Forms of Demystifying Legal Pluralism on SSRN.

Here is the abstract:

Globalization is given impetus by the needs of the global economy and by the unequal distribution of power. And there are new spaces where there are innovating socio-post-materialistic programmes and policies to promote peace, the well-being of the environment, gender and racial equality, that are led by new groups and social movements. These ideas have influence in the new conception of law. In the second part, with the goal of demystifying legal pluralism we study substantive and formal instruments. Finally, we show an formal/substantive instrument that is represented by the equality because the concept has its origin in the creation of a legal and social order in which the independence of the individual could only be obtained by positioning him under the auspices of the legal power of the State, with the concept of independence being linked to a formal system and economic autonomy.

« Forms of Demystifying Legal Pluralism » (November 29, 2017), Jurisprudence & Legal Philosophy eJournal.

Revue : De la responsabilité

De la responsabilité 

Revue L’Homme. Revue française d’anthropologie,

n° 223-224, 2017

ISBN  : 978-2-7132-2690-8

La responsabilité, en tant que concept juridique, philosophique et moral, mais aussi en tant que notion utilisée dans des situations ordinaires, est au cœur du dossier thématique coordonné par Deborah Puccio-Den pour le numéro 223-224 de L’Homme.

Par une approche interdisciplinaire réunissant anthropologues, sociologues, historiens et juristes, ce dossier interroge la nature du lien privilégié que l’on établit entre actes et personnes dans différents contextes et sociétés, ainsi que les mécanismes d’attribution de la faute et les controverses autour des processus de réparation, tout en prêtant une attention particulière à la tension entre individuel et collectif. Le numéro inclut également un débat sur ce qui éloigne ou rapproche aujourd’hui l’anthropologie sociale, l’anthropologie biologique et la préhistoire, du point de vue épistémologique et institutionnel.

Sommaire

Introduction

Deborah Puccio-Den – De la responsabilité

Études & Essais

Yann Rivière – Solidarité de la famille et responsabilité pénale dans le droit criminel romain

Deborah Puccio-Den – De l’honneur à la responsabilité. Les métamorphoses du sujet mafieux

Janine Barbot & Nicolas Dodier – Se confronter à l’action judiciaire. Des victimes au carrefour des différentes branches du droit

Clémence Jullien “Alors, à qui la faute ?” Mort périnatale et accusations croisées dans une maternité au Rajasthan (Inde)

En question

Rainer Maria Kiesow – “Le peuple est mort, vive le peuple !”. Réflexions sur la responsabilité individuelle et collective des crimes nazis

François Hartog – La présence du témoin

Hors dossier – Centenaire de Jean Rouch

Baptiste Buob – Splendeur et misère de la ciné-transe. Jean Rouch et les adaptations successives d’un terme “mystérieux”

Tribune

Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Bernard Formoso & Charles Stépanoff – Pour une anthropologie générale. Crise et renouveau du partenariat scientifique et institutionnel de l’anthropologie biologique, l’anthropologie sociale et la préhistoire

Philippe Boissinot – Sur l’anthropologie générale aujourd’hui. Commentaires d’un archéologue

Maurice Bloch – Bearing the Other Anthropological Disciplines in Mind

Book : Critical race theory : une introduction aux grands textes fondateurs

Critical race theory : une introduction aux grands textes fondateurs

Mathias Moschel Hourya Bentouhami

Dalloz – A Droit Ouvert

2017

Couverture

L’ouvrage est une introduction aux grands textes fondateurs de la Critical Race Theory, qui sont ici traduits en français et suivis de commentaires explicatifs. La Critical Race theory est une discipline académique universitaire apparue aux Etats-Unis au milieu des années 1980, centrée sur l’application de la théorie critique aux relations entre la race, la loi et le pouvoir. L’enjeu de cet ouvrage est de montrer comment la production de race dans des contextes politiques et juridiques aussi différents que celui des Etats-Unis ou celui de l’Europe trouve une forme de commensurabilité, et de donner une vue d’ensemble aux lecteurs français des écrits développés dans le cadre de cette théorie.

Sommaire :

Première partie –  Les articles fondateurs de la Critical Race theory.
1) Kimberlé W. Crenshaw, et al. (eds.), Introduction /Présentation par Hourya Bentouhami et Mathias Möschel : « La Critical Race Theory : un mouvement politique dans les facultés de droit americaines ». 2) Derrick Bell, Brown c. Board of Education et le dilemme de la convergence d’intérêts /Présentation par Hourya Bentouhami : « Le droit : une question de principes ? Vers une approche matérialiste des décisions juridiques ». 3) Cheryl Harris, De la blanchité considérée comme propriété /Présentation par Magali Bessone : « De la blanchité considérée comme propriété ». 4) Charles R. Lawrence III, Le Ça, le Moi et l’ « égale protection des lois » : se confronter au racisme inconscient /Présentation par Tammouz Al Douri : « Le racisme inconscient et le droit de la non-discrimination ». 5) Richard Delgado, La dixième chronique de Rodrigo : le mérite et l’action positive /Présentation par Emilia Roig : « Action positive aveugle à la race : la méritocratie sous couvert d’égalité des chances ». 6) Mari Matsuda, La réaction des autorités publiques face au discours raciste : prendre en compte l’histoire de la victime /Présentation par Janine Silga : « La protection juridique contre la haine raciale : le point de vue de la victime ». 7) Gary Peller, La sensibilité aux enjeux liés à la race /Présentation par Sylvia- Lise Bada : « Pour un usage critique du concept de race dans le discours antiraciste français ».

Deuxième partie Les développements ultérieurs.

IDAES, UNSAM invita a la charla: La invisibilización de un crimen: feminicidios en contextos indígenas en Chiapas.

La Universidad Nacional de San Martín y Instituto de Altos Estudios Sociales invitan a la charla: La invisibilización de un crimen: feminicidios en contextos indígenas en Chiapas.

Impartida por la Dra. Perla Orquídea Fragoso Lugo, catedrática CONACYT/ CESMECA-UNICACH, México.

El Jueves 30 de noviembre a las 18:00hrs.

En Sede Edificio Volta

Av. R. S. Peña 832, piso 6, CABA

Aula 605

Book : Race in the Shadow of Law

State Violence in Contemporary Europe

Eddie Bruce-Jones

Routlege, 2017

Race in the Shadow of Law: State Violence in Contemporary Europe (Hardback) book cover
Race in the Shadow of Law offers a critical legal analysis of European responses to institutional racism. It draws connections between contemporary legal knowledge practices and colonial systems of thought, arguing that many people of colour experience the law as a part of a racial problem, rather than a solution, to racial injustice. Based on a critical legal ethnography of anti-racism work in Europe, and with an emphasis on the German context, the book positions Black and anti-racist perspectives at the centre, rather than the margins, of critically thinking through the intersection of race and law. Combining this ethnography with comparative legal analysis, discourse analysis and critical race theory, the book develops a critical discussion of the European legal frameworks aimed at regulating racism, and particularly institutional racism, in policy and policing. In linking this critique to the transformative potential of social movements, however, it goes on to examine the strategic and creative possibility of disrupting conventional modes of engaging, and resisting, law.

 

Eddie Bruce-Jones is based at Birkbeck School of Law, London, UK.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Some Remarks on Ethnography, Race, Law and Unruliness Part 1. Between the Lines and at the Margins Chapter 1. Structural Racism and the Law in Europe Chapter 2. Transgression: Law and the Choreography of Race and Place Part 2. Colouring out of Bounds: Thinking Beyond Law Chapter 3. Smoke and Mirrors: Performing in the Theatre of the Court Chapter 4. The Politics of Remembrance: Narrating State Violence Chapter 5. Gender, Colonial History and Contemporary Social Movements Part 3. Unruly Work on Race and the Law Chapter 6. Towards a European Anti-Racism Epilogue: Living with the Dead.

Book : Postcolonialism and the Law

Postcolonialism and the Law

Denise Ferreira da Silva & Mark Harris (ed.)

ISBN 9780415640169

Routledge, 2017

Postcolonialism and the Law book cover

Postcolonialism and the Law provides a long overdue delineation of the field of enquiry that engages with the legal programmes, structures, and procedures which have sustained Euro-North American supremacy on the international political stage for the past fifty years or so. Focusing on the relationship between law and the racial and colonial mechanisms of subjugation at work in the global present, the contributions assembled in this new four-volume collection from Routledge’s Critical Concepts in Law series attend to juridical apparatuses as they operate in concert with economic and ethical frameworks, procedures, and architectures. Instead of approaching law as a self-sufficient instrument of power, the gathered major works expose the complex deployment and operation of legal instruments and how they—along with economic mechanisms and ethical programmes—participate in the constitution of the political space shared by both former colonial powers and colonies.

With a full index, together with a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editors, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, Postcolonialism and the Law is an essential work of reference. The collection will be particularly useful as a database allowing scattered and often fugitive material to be easily located. It will also be welcomed as a crucial tool permitting rapid access to less familiar—and sometimes overlooked—texts. For postcolonial theorists and lawyers, as well as those working in cognate disciplines, such as Critical Legal Studies, Ethics, Cultural Studies, Race and Ethnicity Studies, and Human Rights, it is certain to be valued as a vital one-stop research and pedagogic resource.

Table of Contents

Volume 1

Part 1: Colonial Justification

1. De las Casas, Bartolome, ‘A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies’ (Project Guttenberg EBooks, 1555)

2. Locke, John, ‘Of Conquest’ in Second Treatise of Government (Cambridge, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company) pp. 91-99.

3. Vitoria, Francisco, ‘On the American Indians (De Indis)’ in Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008) pp. 231-292

4. Blackstone, W ‘Commentaries on the Laws of England in Four Books’

5. De Sepulveda, Juan Gines Democrates ‘Alter, or on the just causes of War against the Indians’ (5 pages).

6. de Vattel, E. ‘The Law of Nations’

7. Schmitt, C. ‘The nomos of the earth in the international law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum’ (Telos Press Publishing, 2006) pp126-138.

8. Anghie, A. ‘Francisco de Vitoria and the Colonial Origins of International Law’ Social and Legal Studies, 5, 1996, 321-336.

Part 2: Key anti-colonial texts

9. Fanon, Frantz, ‘Concerning Violence’ in The Wretched of the Earth (Translated by Constance Farringdon) (New York: Grove Press, 1963) pp. 35-94.

10. Memmi, Albert, ‘Does the Colonial Exist?’ and ‘Conclusion’ in The Colonizer and the Colonized (New York: The Orion Press, 1965) pp. 3-13 and pp 145-153.

11. Cesaire, Aime ‘Discourse on Colonialism’ in Discourse on Colonialism (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2000) pp. 31-53.

12. Padmore, George, ‘George Padmore Archive. Marxists.org’ Excerpts: « Facism in the Colonies » (1938), 6 pages; Hands Off the Colonies (1938), 4 pages; and The British Empire is Worst Racket Yet Invented by Man » (1939).

13. Lumumba, Patrice, ‘Patrice Lumumba Archive. Marxists.org’

Excerpt: « Speech at the Ceremony of the Proclamation of the Congo’s Independence », 30 June 1960

14. Cabral, Amilcar, ‘Amilcar Cabral Archive. Marxists.org’

Excerpts: * »Guinea and Cabo Verde Against Portuguese Colonialism » (Speech, Third Conference of African Peoples, Cairo 25-31 March 1961),

* »National Liberation and Peace, cornerstones of Non-Alignment » (extract of Speech at the Second Conference of Heads of State and Governments of Non-Aligned Countries, 1964),

* »The PAIGC Programme, »

15. Nehru, J. ‘Speech to the Nation on the Day of Independence’

Volume 2

Part 3: Theorising the Postcolonial

16. Wynter, Sylvia ‘Unsettling the Coloniality of Being/Power/Truth/Freedom. Towards the Human. After Man, Its Overrepresentation – An Argument’ CR: The New Centennial Review, 3 (3), Fall 2003: 257-337.

17. Pagden, Anthony ‘The Theory of Natural Slavery’ in The Fall of Natural Man (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986) pp.27-56

18. Fitzpatrick, Peter ‘The Mythology of Modern Law’ (London, New York: Routledge, 1992) pp63-91

19. Mbembe, A. (2008) ‘Necropolitics’ in Foucault in an Age of Terror (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008) pp. 152-182.

20. Ferreira da Silva, D. ‘No-bodies: Law, raciality and violence’ Griffith Law Review, 18(2), 2009, 212-236.

21. Quijano, A. ‘Coloniality of power and Eurocentrism in Latin America’ International Sociology, 15(2), 2000, 215-232.

22. Coulthard, G. ‘Subjects of empire: Indigenous Peoples and the politics of recognition in Canada’ Contemporary Political Theory 2007, 6: 437-460.

23. Bhandar, B. (2011) ‘Plasticity and post-colonial recognition: ‘owning, knowing and being’’ Law and Critique, 22(3), 2011, 227-249.

Part 4: Sovereignty, Nation and Citizenship

24. Motha, S ‘The Failure of Postcolonial Sovereignty in Australia’ Australian Feminist Law Journal 22, 2005, 107-125.

25. Milner, N & Goldberg-Hiller, J ‘Feeble Echoes of the Heart: A Postcolonial Legal Struggle in Hawai`I’ Law, Culture and the Humanities June 2008 vol. 4 no. 2 224-247.

26. Hanafin, P, ‘Valorising the Virtual Citizen: The Sacrificial Grounds of Postcolonial Citizenship in Ireland’, Law, Social Justice & Global Development Journal (2003).

27. de Silva, R ‘Citizenship Law, Nationalism and the Theft of Enjoyment: A Post-Colonial Narrative’ Law Text Culture 4(2), 1998, 37-67.

28. Strawson, J ‘Palestine’s Basic Law: Constituting New Identities through Liberating Legal Culture’ 20 Loyola Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review 20, 1997-1998, 411-432.

29. Seuffert, N., ‘Nation as Partnership: Law, Race, and Gender in Aotearoa New Zealand’s Treaty Settlements’ 39 Law and Society Review 485 (2005) pp.485 to 526.

30. Llyod, D ‘Colonial Trauma/PostColonial Recovery?’ Interventions, 2000, 212-228.

Volume 3

31. Peter Fitzpatrick and Eve Darian-Smith ‘Laws of the Postcolonial: An Insistent Introduction’ in Fitzpatrick and Darian-Smith (eds), Laws of the Postcolonial (1999) pp1-14.

32. Purdy, J. (1996) ‘Postcolonialism: the Emperor’s New Clothes?’ Social & Legal Studies, 5(3), 1996, pp405-426.

33. Susan F Hirsch and Mindie Lazarus-Black ‘Performance and Paradox: Exploring Law’s Role in Hegemony and Resistance’ in Lazarus-Black and Hirsch (eds), Contested States: Law, Hegemony, and Resistance (1994) pp1-21.

34. Vidya S. A. Kumar ‘A Propleptic Approach to Postcolonial Legal Studies? A Brief Look at the Relationship Between Legal Theory and Intellectual History’, 2 Law Social Justice and Global Development Journal, 2003.

35. Baxi, Upendra ‘Postcolonial Legality’, in Ray, Sangeeta and Swartz, Henry (eds) A Companion to Postcolonial Studies (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers), 2000, 540-555.

36. Roy, A. (2008), ‘Postcolonial Theory and Law: A Critical Introduction’, Adelaide Law Review, 29, 2008: 315–57.

37. Pahuja, S. ‘Postcoloniality of International Law’, The Harvard International Law Journal, 46, 2005, 459-469.

38. Otto, D. ‘Subalternity and international law: the problems of global community and the incommensurability of difference’ Social & Legal Studies, 5(3), 1996, 337-364.

39. Megret, F. ‘From « Savages » to « Unlawful Combatants »: A Postcolonial Look at International Law’s « Other »’ in Orford, A. (ed.) International Law and its Others (Cambridge University Press, 2006) pp265-317.

40. Perrin, C. ‘Approaching anxiety: The insistence of the postcolonial in the declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples’ Law and Critique, 6(1), 1995, pp55-74.

41. Strawson J ‘Islamic Law and English Texts’ Law and Critique Vol. V, No. 1 (1995), 21-38.

42. Kapur, R. ‘Tragedy of Victimization Rhetoric: Ressurecting the ‘Native’ Subject in International/Post-Colonial Feminist Legal Politics’, The Harvard Human Rights Journal, 15, 2002, 1-37.

43. Haldar, P. ‘Law, Orientalism and Postcolonialism: The Jurisdiction of the Lotus-Eaters’ (Routledge, 2007), pp1-26.

44. Shaw, W., ‘(Post)Colonial Encounters: gendered racialisations in Australian courtrooms’ Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography Volume 10, Issue 4, 2003:315-332.

Volume 4

45. Agamben, G. ‘Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life’ (Stanford University Press, 1994) pp1-12.

46. Fitzpatrick, P & Joyce, R ‘The Normality of the Exception in Democracy’s Empire’ Journal of Law and Society Vol.34 No.1 2007; pp 65-76.

47. Hussain, N ‘Towards a jurisprudence of emergency colonialism and the rule of law’ Law and Critique Volume 10, Number 2, 1999, pp. 93-115.

48. Ticktin, M ‘Policing and Humanitarianism in France: Immigration and the Turn to Law as State of Exception’ Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 7 (3) 2005: 347-368.

49. Primorac¸ R ‘The Poetics of State Terror in Twenty-First Century Zimbabwe’ Interventions, 9:3, 2007, 434-450.

50. Comaroff, J., & Comaroff, J. L. (Eds.) ‘Law and Disorder in the Postcolony’ (University of Chicago Press, 2008), 1-57.

51. Lemke, T. ‘ »A Zone of Indistinction »–A Critique of Giorgio Agamben’s Concept of Biopolitics’. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies, 7(1), 2005, 3-13.

52. Morgensen, S. L. ‘The biopolitics of settler colonialism: Right here, right now’ Settler Colonial Studies, 1(1), 2011, 52-76.

Part 5: Legal Geographies

53. Mawani, R ‘Imperial Legacies (Post)Colonial Identities: Law, Space, and the Making of Stanley Park, 1859-2001’ Law/Text/Culture, 7, 2003, 98-141.

54. Mahmud, T, ‘Law of Geography and the Geography of Law: A Post-Colonial Mapping’, 3 Washington University Jurisprudence Review 2011, 64-106.

55. Godden, L. ‘The Invention of Tradition: Property Law as a Knowledge Space for the Appropriation of the South’ 16 Griffith Law Review 375-410 (2007).

56. Wainwright, J and Bryan, J., ‘Cartography, territory, property: postcolonial reflections on indigenous counter-mapping in Nicaragua and Belize’, Cultural Geographies 2009 16: 153-178.

57. Anthony, T ‘Postcolonial Feudal hauntings of North Australian cattle stations’ Law Text Culture Vol 7, 2003, 277-306.

58. Blomley, N. ‘Law, property, and the geography of violence: The frontier, the survey, an

Editors :

Mark Harris is Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at La Trobe University, Australia.

Denise Ferreira da Silva is Chair in Ethics at Queen Mary, University of London, UK.

Brenna Bhandar is based at Queen Mary, University of London

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