Archives de catégorie : Billets

PARUTION

M. S. Jones, Birthright Citizens: A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America, Cambridge University Press, 2018, coll. “Studies in Legal History”, 268.p

Birthright Citizens tells how African American activists radically transformed the terms of citizenship for all Americans. Before the Civil War, colonization schemes and black laws threatened to deport former slaves born in the United States. Birthright Citizens recovers the story of how African American activists remade national belonging through battles in legislatures, conventions, and courthouses.

They faced formidable opposition, most notoriously from the US Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott. Still, Martha S. Jones explains, no single case defined their status. Former slaves studied law, secured allies, and conducted themselves like citizens, establishing their status through local, everyday claims. All along they argued that birth guaranteed their rights. With fresh archival sources and an ambitious reframing of constitutional law-making before the Civil War, Jones shows how when the Fourteenth Amendment constitutionalized the birthright principle, the aspirations of black Americans’ aspirations were realized.

Cet ouvrage a fait l’objet d’au moins trois recensions: 

A. Twitty, Journal of Southern History, 2019, vol. 85, n°3, p. 686-687; 
R. D. Brown, Journal of the Early Republic, 2019, vol. 39, n°3, p. 575-577;
W. G. Thomas III, The Journal of the Civil War Era, 2019, vol. 9, n°3, p. 467-470.

PArution

K. Bridges, Critical Race Theory: a primer, Foundation Press, 2018

This highly-readable primer on Critical Race Theory (CRT) examines the theory’s basic commitments, strengths, and weaknesses. In addition to serving as a primary text for graduate and undergraduate Critical Race Theory seminars or courses on Race and the Law, it can also be assigned in courses on Antidiscrimination Law, Civil Rights, and Law and Society. The book can be used by any reader seeking to understand the relationship between constructions of race and the law.

The text consists of four Parts. Part I provides a history of CRT. Part II introduces and explores several core concepts in the theory―including institutional/structural racism, implicit bias, microaggressions, racial privilege, the relationship between race and class, and intersectionality. Part III builds on Part II’s discussion of intersectionality by exploring the intersection of race with a variety of other characteristics―including sexuality and gender identity, religion, and ability. Part IV analyzes several contemporary issues to which CRT speaks―including racial disparities in health, affirmative action, the criminal justice system, the welfare state, and education.

Parution

A. Nakissa, Anthropology of Islamic Law: Education, Ethics, and Legal Interpretation at Egypt’s Al-Azhar, New York, Oxford University Press, 2019, 312.p 

This book shows how hermeneutic theory and practice theory can be brought together to analyze cultural, legal, and religious traditions. These ideas are developed through an analysis of the Islamic legal tradition, which examines both Islamic legal doctrine and religious education. In terms of disciplinary orientation, the book combines anthropology and Islamicist history, utilizing both ethnography and in-depth analysis of Arabic religious texts. The book focuses on higher religious learning in contemporary Egypt, examining its intellectual, ethical, and pedagogical dimensions. Data is drawn from over two years of fieldwork inside al-Azhar University, Cairo University’s Dār al-ʿUlūm, and the network of traditional study circles associated with the al-Azhar mosque. Together these sites constitute the most important venue for the transmission of religious learning in the contemporary Muslim world. Although the book gives special attention to contemporary Egypt, it provides a broader analysis relevant to Islamic legal doctrine and religious education throughout history. 

 

 

PARUTION:

A. Kamugisha, Beyond Coloniality. Citizenship and Freedom in the Caribbean Intellectual Tradition, Indiana University Press, 2019, 320.p

Against the lethargy and despair of the contemporary Anglophone Caribbean experience, Aaron Kamugisha gives a powerful argument for advancing Caribbean radical thought as an answer to the conundrums of the present. Beyond Coloniality is an extended meditation on Caribbean thought and freedom at the beginning of the 21st century and a profound rejection of the postindependence social and political organization of the Anglophone Caribbean and its contentment with neocolonial arrangements of power. Kamugisha provides a dazzling reading of two towering figures of the Caribbean intellectual tradition, C. L. R. James and Sylvia Wynter, and their quest for human freedom beyond coloniality. Ultimately, he urges the Caribbean to recall and reconsider the radicalism of its most distinguished 20th-century thinkers in order to imagine a future beyond neocolonialism.

Acknowledgements
Chapter 1: Beyond Caribbean Coloniality

PART 1: THE COLONIALITY OF THE PRESENT

Chapter 2: The Coloniality of Citizenship in the Contemporary Anglophone Caribbean
Chapter 3: Creole Nationalism and Racism in the Caribbean

PART II: THE CARIBBEAN BEYOND

Chapter 4: A Jamesian Poeisis? C.L.R. James’s New Society and Caribbean Freedom
Chapter 5: The Caribbean Beyond: Sylvia Wynter’s Black Experience of New World Coloniality and the Human after Western Man

Conclusion: A Caribbean Sympathy
Bibliography
Index

Table-ronde “Lecture de … Le droit dans les sociétés humaines, Louis Assier-Andrieu”, vendredi 19 avril 2019, Centre Panthéon

Le vendredi 19 avril 2019, de 13h30 à 18h,

Centre Panthéon, 12 place du Panthéon, Aile Soufflot – Salle 1

Pierre Bonin et Pierre Brunet, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, IRJS, Soazick Kerneis, Université Paris Nanterre, CHAD

organisent une table-ronde 

Lectures deLe droit dans les sociétés humaines

de Louis Assier-Andrieu, Paris, Nathan, 1996

Participeront à cette table-ronde : 

  • Boris Bernabé, Université Paris-Sud, DSR
  • Anne-Sophie Chambost, Université Jean Monnet (Saint-Etienne), CERCRID
  • Jacques Commaille, ENS Cachan, ISP
  • Albane Geslin, Sciences Po Aix, UMR DICE
  • Eugénie Mérieau, University of Göttingen, Alexander von Humboldt Chair of Comparative Constitutionalism
  • Laetitia Guerlain, Université de Bordeaux, CRM-CAHD
  • Pascal Texier, Université de Limoges, OMIJ

Avec le concours de la  

Conférence de Laetitia Guerlain “Droit et Anthropologie dans la France des XIXe et XXe siècles. Un programme de recherches” (Rennes, 14 mars 2019)

Dans le cadre des Rencontres de l’IODE. Séminaire interdisciplinaire sur et autour du droit. Jeudi 14 mars 2019, à 12h30, en salle 10.

Cette conférence sera l’occasion de découvrir les rapports qu’entretient la discipline juridique avec les autres sciences humaines et sociales. Plus précisément, dans une perspective historique, elle présentera les interactions anciennes qui ont pu concourir à rapprocher l’anthropologie et le droit.

More information : https://iode.univ-rennes1.fr/agenda/les-rencontres-de-liode-avec-laetitia-guerlain https://iode.univ-rennes1.fr/agenda/les-rencontres-de-liode-avec-laetitia-guerlain

CALL FOR PAPERS: Law in Context Early Career Workshop, 17-18 September 2019

The International Journal of Law in Context and the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford jointly invite early career scholars to participate in a workshop to be held in Oxford, September 17-18, 2019. The purpose of this international workshop is to bring together scholars at a relatively early stage in their careers to support them in developing research projects and preparing publications to submit to scholarly journals in the field of socio-legal studies. 

During the workshop scholars will make a presentation, take part in discussion, and receive feedback on their work from senior research staff at the Centre and the editorial team of the Journal. The best papers presented at the workshop will be considered for publication in the International Journal of Law in Context.

​Deadline
The deadline for applications is 10 July 2019.

​Eligibility
To be eligible to apply, the submission of a doctoral thesis is expected in 2019. Applications from inside and outside the UK are welcome. The ten best submissions will be selected and applicants will be invited to the workshop.
To make an application you should send a 1500-word extended abstract together with a cover letter with your name and contact information, details about your place of study or work, and the date of your expected or past doctoral submission. Abstracts may be on any contextual work dealing with law and its relationship with other social science disciplines.

Please send applications to Katie Hayward, admin@csls.ox.ac.uk

Meals and accommodation for one night in Oxford will be provided by the organisers. We expect that participants will pay for their own travel expenses.

African Legal History Symposium

CALL FOR PAPERS: African Legal History Symposium

Co-conveners: Erin Braatz, Suffolk University Law School; Trina Hogg, Oregon State University; Elizabeth Thornberry, Johns Hopkins University; Charlotte Walker-Said, CUNY-John Jay College

Fortuitously, the 2019 annual meetings of the African Studies Association and the American Society for Legal History will both take place November 21-23 in Boston. In hopes of sparking a more sustained engagement across these two fields, and marking what we see as an inflection point in scholarship on African legal history, we invite paper proposals for an African Legal History preconference symposium, to be held in Boston on November 21, 2019. The symposium will be hosted by the American Society for Legal History in coordination with the African Studies Association, with sponsorship from the Suffolk University Law School.

We seek papers in the field of African legal history, broadly construed, and are particularly excited about papers that extend the insights of established scholarship, with its focus on customary law, in new directions. We encourage paper and panel proposals on law in Africa in the pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial periods, British, French, Islamic, Lusophone, and indigenous African traditions, and on all types of law (family, criminal, property, constitutional, business, customary, imperial, pluralist, international, etc.) Papers may focus on any region of the continent (including North Africa and the island territories).

Please email abstracts for proposed papers to bmello@suffolk.edu, with “African Legal History Symposium” in the subject line, by 5 April 2019. Abstracts should be no more than 300 words in length. Full papers to be presented at the symposium will be due by November 1, 2019, for circulation to all participants. Limited funding will be available to assist with the costs of travel. Funding priority will be given to scholars based on the African continent, graduate students, adjunct instructors, and scholars who do not have access to research funding through other sources.

We encourage symposium participants to consider submitting proposals directly to the ASA and ASLH as well, for inclusion in the main program of those conferences.

Cultural expertise and socio-legal studies : Special issue of Studies in law, politics and society, vol. 78, 2019

This special issue of Studies in Law, Politics, and Society aims to foster a dialogue that is inclusive, constructive, and innovative in order to lay the basis for evaluating the usefulness and impact of cultural expertise in modern litigation. It investigates the scope of cultural expertise as a new socio-legal concept that broadly concerns the use of social sciences in connection with rights and the solution of conflicts. While the definition of cultural expertise is new, the conflicts it applies to are not, and these range from criminal law to civil law, including international human rights. In this special issue, socio-legal scientists with interdisciplinary backgrounds scrutinize the applicability of the notion of cultural expertise in Europe and the rest of the World. Cases include murder, female genital mutilation, earthquake claims, Islamic law, underage marriages, child custody, adoption, land rights, and asylum. The authors debate on a variety of themes, such as legal pluralism, ethnicity, causal determinism, reification of culture, and the “culturalization” of defendants. The volume concludes with an overview of the ethical implications of the definition of cultural expertise and suggestions for a way forward.

Introduction; Livia Holden


Part I. Cultural Expertise with(out) Cultural Experts

From Invisible to Visible: Locating Cultural Expertise in the Law Courts of Two Finnish Cities; Taina Cooke

Cultural Expertise in Italian Courts: Contexts, Cases and Issues; Antonello Ciccozzi and Giorgia Decarli

Part II. Sites of Cultural Expertise

Assessing Cultural Expertise in Portugal: Challenges and Opportunities; João Teixeira Lopes, Anabela Leão and Ligia Ferro

Cultural Expertise in Asylum Granting Procedure in Greece: Evaluating the Experiences and the Prospects; Helen Rethimiotaki

Part III. Comparative Perspectives on Cultural Expertise

Court Cases, Cultural Expertise, and FGM in Europe; Ruth Mestre and Sara Johnsdotter

Between Norms, Facts and Stereotypes: The Place of Culture and Ethnicity in Belgian and French Family Justice; Caroline Simon, Barbara Truffin and Anne Wyvekens

Part IV. Cultural Expertise in Non-European Contexts

Cultural Expertise in Australia: Colonial Laws, Customs, and Emergent Legal Pluralism; Ann Black

The Role and Use of Cultural Expertise in Litigation in South Africa. Can the Western World Learn Anything from a Mixed, Pluralistic Legal System? Christa Rautenbach

Part V. Suggestions for a Way Forward

Beyond Cultural Expert Witnessing: Toward an Integrated Definition of Cultural Expertise; Livia Holden

Format:Hardback ISBN:9781787695160
Published:28 Feb 2019
Publisher:Emerald Publishing
LimitedDimensions:216 pages – 152 x 229mm
Series:Studies in Law, Politics, and Society

Publisher’s website : https://books.emeraldinsight.com/page/detail/Cultural-Expertise-and-SocioLegal-StudiesCultural-Expertise-and-Socio-Legal-Studies/?k=9781787695160


Journée d’études : L’ “aliéné indigène”. Justice et administration face à l’altérité psychique en Afrique française. Perspectives historiques et enjeux actuels (EHESS, 11 mars 2019)

Dans le contexte colonial français des siècles XIXeet XXe, que se passe-t-il lorsque l’altérité constitutive de l’« indigène » se double d’une différence supplémentaire qui touche à la sphère de la pathologie mentale ? Quelles sont les spécificités du traitement juridico-administratif de la folie ? Que les catégories et les discours de matrice coloniale nous apprennent-ils sur les politiques contemporaines de santé mentale ? Que reste-t-il de l’imaginaire colonial dans les pratiques et dans les discours institutionnels actuels autour de la santé mentale des populations d’origine africaine présentes en France ? Ces questionnements de fond sont à l’origine du projet AMIAF – « Aliéné mental » et « indigène ». Histoire juridique d’une double discrimination de statut en Afrique française (Fin XIXe  siècle-1960). Financé en 2018 par l’ANR dans le cadre des actions JCJC, le projet AMIAF se propose de réaliser une enquête historico-juridique relative aux discours et aux pratiques qui président à la construction et au fonctionnement du statut de l’« aliéné indigène » dans les territoires africains colonisés par la France. 

La demi-journée d’études exploratoire, qui fera suite à la première réunion de l’équipe du projet, vise à  poser les jalons de la recherche à venir, en focalisant l’attention sur les aspects méthodologiques de l’étude du traitement juridico-administratif de la folie en situation coloniale. Les communications seront centrées essentiellement sur la manière dont l’administration et la justice coloniale se sont saisies de la maladie mentale des populations africaines. Une attention spécifique sera accordée au rapport des institutions aux croyances et aux cultures locales, en prolongeant le regard sur les enjeux postcoloniaux. 

Matin

Réunion pour les membres de l’équipe du Projet ANR AMIAF

10h00  

Accueil, introduction et présentation du projet ANR AMIAF

10h30    

Discussion avec les membres de l’équipe du projet sur les apports et sur les perspectives de recherche de chacun.e,  sur les étapes futures du projet

12h00  Pause déjeuner

Après-midi

Demi-journée d’études ouverte au public

13h30  

Romain Tiquet (Postdoctorant FNS, Département d’histoire générale, Université de Genève), Aliénés et condamnés : transfert et internement des “fous dangereux” au Sénégal (Fin XIXesiècle-1918)

14h00 

Silvia Falconieri (CR, CNRS, IMAF), La « mentalité indigène » entre normalet pathologique. Lieux et modes du traitement juridico-administratif de la folie en Afrique française (1900-1940)

14h30   Discussion 

14h45   Pause

15h00 

Sandra Fancello (DR, CNRS, IMAF), Sorcellerie, justice et santé mentale. Commentaire au documentaire « World of Witchcraft »

15h30

Projection du documentaire World of Witchcraftde Daniel Bogado.

16h30  Discussion 

17h00 Fin des travaux, pot de clôture (Salle réunion de l’IMAF)

Discussion animée par R. Collignon (CR, CNRS)

Avec la participation des membres de l’équipe de l’ANR AMIAF : S. Falconieri(CNRS, IMAF, responsable du projet) ; G. Aïdan(CNRS, CERSA) ; R. Collignon (CNRS, LESC) ; N. Derasse(Université de Lille, CHJ) ;  S. Fancello(CNRS, IMAF) ; J. Ferrand(Université de Grenoble, CERDAP) ;H. Ferrière(Université de Bretagne Occidentale) ; R. Gallien(Université Paris 7) ; A. Lainé(IMAF) ; T. Le Marc’Hadour(Université d’Artois, CHJ) ; E. Pestre(Université Paris 7, UFR Études psychanalytiques) ; F. Renucci (CNRS, IMAF), M. Scarfone(Université de Strasbourg) ; I. Thiébau(CNRS, IMAF), R. Tiquet(Université de Genève).

publication

A. Niang, The Postcolonial State in Transition. Stateness and Modes of Sovereignty, Rowman & Littlefield International, 2018, “Kilombo International Relations and Colonial Questions”, 244.p

Théorie de l’Etat et de la souveraineté, Relations internationales, Théories postcoloniales, anthropologie, droit.

“The Postcolonial African State in Transition offers a new perspective on a set of fundamental, albeit old questions with salient contemporary resonance: what is the nature of the postcolonial state? How did it come about? And more crucially, the book poses an often neglected question: what was the postcolonial African state internally built against? Through a detailed historical investigation of the Voltaic region, the book theorizes the state in transition as the constitutive condition of the African state, rendering centralization processes as always transient, uncertain, even dangerous endeavors. In Africa and elsewhere in the colonial and postcolonial world, the centralized sovereign state has become something of a meta-model that bears the imprint of necessity and determinism. 

This book argues that there is nothing natural, linear, conventional or intrinsically consensual about the centralized state form. In fact, the African state emerged, and was erected against, and at the expense of a variety of authority structures and forms of self-governance. The state has sustained itself through destructive practices, internal colonization, and in fact the production and alienation of a range of internal others”.