Archives de catégorie : Livres

Peggy Larrieu, Mythes grecs et droit. Retour sur la fonction anthropologique du droit, Presses de l’Université de Laval, 2017

 

Mythes grecs et droit. Retour sur la fonction anthropologique du droit

Informations

Auteure : Peggy Larrieu
Collection: Dikè
Discipline: Philosophie
Parution: 9 août 2017
266 pages
34.95 $

La connaissance du passé n’est pas le seul enjeu d’un rapprochement entre le droit et le mythe. Il s’agit de saisir leurs rôles dans la fondation de la communauté humaine.

Description

La notion de mythe, dont la fortune a été brillante en sociologie, en anthropologie et en psychanalyse, ne peut laisser le juriste indifférent. Assurément, l’idée de rapprocher ces deux domaines peut paraître singulière, tant ils paraissent éloignés. Cependant, cette apparente altérité mérite d’être revisitée. Le retour au mythe, à travers une grille de lecture juridique, autorise une mise en perspective de la rationalité juridique contemporaine.

Chaque mythe antique est en rapport avec la fondation du droit. Mais, le droit positif a lui-même une dimension mythologique importante. En raison de sa fonction normative, il est pétri d’imaginaire et de fictions. Or, à une époque comme la nôtre, où les mythes et autres métarécits sont déconsidérés, assimilés à une pensée préscientifique, il faut peut-être reconnaître que ce sont ces métarécits qui donnent du sens et qui peuvent renforcer la légitimité du droit dans sa dimension instituante. Le droit ne peut conserver sa fonction anthropologique sans renouer avec ce qui le sous-tend, à savoir le mythe.

https://www.pulaval.com/produit/mythes-grecs-et-droit-retour-sur-la-fonction-anthropologique-du-droit

Book : Legal pluralism in Central Asia.

Legal pluralism in Central Asia. Local jurisdiction and customary practices

Mahabat Sadyrbek

 

London; New York, NY: Routledge
2018

ISBN : 978-1-13855-176-3

Legal Pluralism in Central Asia reports on historical, anthropological and legal research which examines customary legal practices in Kyrgyzstan and relates them to wider societal developments in Central Asia and further afield. Using the term legal pluralism, the book demonstrates that there is a spectrum of approaches, available avenues, forms of local law and indigenous popular justice in Kyrgyzstan’s predominantly rural communities, which can be labelled living law. Based on her extensive original research, Mahabat Sadyrbek shows how contemporary peoples systematically address challenging problems, such as disputes, violence, accidents, crime and other difficulties, and thereby seek justice, redress, punishment, compensation, readjustment of relations or closure. She demonstrates that local law, expressed through ritually structured communicative exchange, through dictums and proverbs with binding characters and different legal practices or processes undertaken in specific ways, deem the solutions appropriate and acceptable. The reader is thereby enabled to see the law in people’s deepest assumptions and beliefs, in codes of shame and honour, in local mores and ethics as well as in religious terms. In this way, the book reveals the dynamic, changing and living character of law in a specific context and in a region hitherto insufficiently researched within legal anthropology.

 

Table of Contents

 

PART ONE Chapter 1: Introduction, Chapter 2: Legal Pluralism in Kyrgyzstan, Chapter 3: Social Structure and Agency

PART TWO Chapter 4: Concept of Apology and Forgiveness, Chapter 5: Mediation and Negotiation , Chapter 6: Making Amends and Kun-Giving

PART THREE Chapter 7: The State as the Main Form of Ordering , Chapter 8: Eldik sot – People’s Law, Chapter 9: Islam as a Reference

CONCLUSION

Book : Penser l’Anthropocène

Penser l’Anthropocène

Préface de Philippe Descola
Penser l'Anthropocène
ISBN : 9782724622102

 

L’Anthropocène a fait une entrée tonitruante dans la pensée contemporaine. Pour la première fois dans l’histoire de la planète, une époque géologique serait définie par l’action d’une espèce : l’espèce humaine. Mais que l’on isole l’humanité en tant qu’acteur unique ou que l’on pointe le rôle récent de la révolution industrielle, c’est toujours une vision occidentale que l’on adopte pour décrire le basculement annoncé, au risque de tenir à l’écart le reste du monde, humain et non humain.

Issu d’un colloque organisé par Philippe Descola et Catherine Larrère au Collège de France, à l’initiative de la Fondation de l’écologie politique, cet ouvrage réunit les contributions de chercheurs d’horizons multiples sur un sujet qui par définition traverse toutes les disciplines. Sans négliger les controverses entre géologues, il prend le parti de la pluralité des récits anthropocéniques, en privilégiant le point de vue des peuples sur un changement qu’ils subissent et que l’on nomme à leur place, et en tenant compte de la dimension sociale, genrée et inégalitaire de la question climatique.

Ouvrant la réflexion à d’autres manières d’habiter la terre, aussi improbables paraissent-elles, il montre que l’avenir n’est pas que le prolongement linéaire du présent.

Pour consulter le Sommaire, cliquez sur le lien suivant.  Voir en particulier les chapitres 24, 25 et 28 :

 

Chapitre 24 – Violence matérielle et droit
Bronwyn Lay
Émergence d’un droit pacifique
Lex mercatoria
Jus cogens et loi sur l’écocide
Conclusion

Chapitre 25 – Dépasser la nature par le droit ?
Les limites du paradigme migratoire
Isabelle Delpla
Hypothèse d’une application totale du droit international
Détermination pénale de toutes les responsabilités
L’hypothèse d’un pays n’existant que par le droit international

Chapitre 28 – Quels apports de la notion d’Anthropocène à la justice climatique ?
Lydie Laigle
Changement climatique et justice : une association qui ne va pas de soi
Une justice climatique fondée sur des inégalités de responsabilités et d’impacts : analyses critiques
Qu’apporte la notion d’Anthropocène à la justice climatique ?
Les apports des approches de la justice environnementale aux conceptions de la justice climatique
La face oubliée de la justice climatique : démocratie et rapport nature-société
Conclusion

 

 

Livre : Des droits pour la nature ?

Des droits pour la nature ?

L’expérience équatorienne

L’Harmattan

130 pages – Parution : 02/2018

L’idée de « droits de la nature » n’est plus seulement une hypothèse curieuse de philosophe ; elle n’est plus seulement un élément rhétorique du discours en défense de la « Terre-Mère », elle a donné lieu à une institution juridique concrète et à un début de jurisprudence. Depuis 2008, la Constitution de l’Équateur fait de « la Nature, ou Pacha Mama » une personne juridique. Elle lui a attribué des droits en propre, indépendants des droits des personnes humaines, exigibles devant les tribunaux.

Ce livre fournit les éléments d’analyse historique, juridique et anthropologique qui sont nécessaires pour comprendre le sens d’une institution si particulière. Il s’attache en même temps à dégager les enjeux philosophiques de cette expérience inédite en matière de droit des non-humains.

Tristan Lefort-Martine étudie la philosophie à l’ENS de Lyon. Il a également traduit l’article Should trees have standing ? de Christopher Stone qui, dès 1972, défendait l’idée de personnification des objets naturels, sous le titre Les arbres doivent-ils pouvoir plaider ?, Éditions Le Passager clandestin, 2017.

Law and Property in Algeria. Anthropological perspectives, Edited by Yazid Ben Hounet. Brill, Studies in the History and Society of The Maghrib 10.

Law and Property in Algeria. Anthropological perspectives, Edited by Yazid Ben Hounet.

Brill, Studies in the History and Society of The Maghrib 10.

Contributors are : Hichem Amichi, Emilie Barraud, Ammar Belhimer, Yazid Ben Hounet, Nejm Benessaiah, Sami Bouarfa, Tarik Dahou, Baudouin Dupret, Marcel Kuper, Judith
Scheele, Alice Wilson.

brill_-_law_and_property_in_algeria_-_2018-02-22

 

Anne-Marie Voutyras-Pierre, Anthropologie juridique de la folie et des passions dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine, PUL, 2018.

Présentation de l’éditeur

Les hommes de l’époque préclassique grecque ont rattaché l’explication de la folie et des passions à leurs croyances mythologico-religieuses, puis de la période classique à l’époque hellénistique, le rationalisme scientifique et philosophique a connu une floraison de la causalité naturelle explicative des phénomènes mentaux. Ce courant s’est refermé lors de l’Antiquité tardive, sous la souveraineté de la pensée théologique, pour laisser place à une nouvelle conception spirituelle et surnaturelle de la pathologie mentale.

D’un phénomène, à l’origine, extérieur à l’homme, la folie et les passions ont été conçues à partir de l’époque classique selon une étiologie interne. L’osmose entre les savoirs non conceptualisés dans des champs disciplinaires clos, a permis de poser des questions essentielles sur les perturbations mentales.

Des démarches d’ordonnancement des connaissances, de réflexions sur le sens d’une pratique médicale ou philosophique ont opéré une normativité sur laquelle le droit romain s’est construit. Distinguer le normal, du pathologique, du déviant, pour rechercher le traitement juridique et social juste, médicalement efficace, nécessitait au préalable de dégager la catégorie ontologique et morale de la personne. Il en résulta des réflexions sur le sain et le non sain, la capacité, la liberté, la volonté, la responsabilité. Les Anciens nous montrent que la folie est polymorphe, aussi complexe que la normalité dont elle n’est pas une antithèse dans la pensée et dans la réalité.

Sommaire

Partie I : Normativité des croyances et de la connaissance sur la folie et les passions

Chapitre 1 Les forces surnaturelles dans la folie et les passions, agents de la normativité
– La folie, les passions, produits d’un conflit de forces objectives
– La folie, les passions, au confluent de la conscience humaine et des dieux
– Folie et normativité des religions païennes
– La normativité de la magie et les perturbations mentales

Chapitre 2 Normativité médico-philosophique des idées naturelles de la folie et des passions
– La médecine spéculative grecque et la normativité de la psychopathologie
– La transmission des savoirs normatifs en psychopathologie de la Grèce à Rome
– De la normativité médicale aux normes juridiques sur la folie et les passions
– La philosophie et la pathologie mentale

Chapitre 3 La fusion des savoirs médicaux et philosophiques dans la théologie
– Instrumentalisation de la folie dans la politique impériale
– Encadrement normatif de la folie et des passions par la théologie

Chapitre 4 Construction normative de la personne par les traitements des perturbations mentales
– La recherche de santé mentale
– L’évolution des traitements : du mental au spirituel

Partie II : Représentation sociale et institutionnelle de la folie et des passions

Chapitre 1 L’émergence sociale des perturbés mentaux
– Les mots et les représentations de la folie et des passions
– Les approches sociales de la folie

Chapitre 2 La folie en politique : les empereurs fous ou déviants
– La chronique des empereurs perturbés mentaux
– La critique normative sous couvert de perturbations mentales

Partie III : L’existence de la folie sur la scène juridique

Chapitre 1 La personne du fou dans les normes juridiques de la famille
– La potestas du père sur les agnats : de la normalité à la folie.
– De la potestas à la curatelle

Chapitre 2 Conservation et transmission des droits par le fou
– Le fou attributaire passif de droit
– La querela inofficiosi testamenti et le trouble mental

Chapitre 3 Du délinquant aux malades de l’âme et de l’esprit
– L’émergence de la responsabilité individuelle et de son corollaire l’irrresponsabilité
– Les troubles psychiques dans les infractions les plus graves
– Les passions, pivots des infractions
– Les perturbés mentaux face à leurs juges

Cahiers de l’Institut d’anthropologie juridique , Vol. 18 , 658 pages. 35€

Parution : 02/2018
Editeur : Presses Universitaires de Limoges
ISBN : 978-2-8428-7766-8
Site de l’éditeur
Notice SUDOC

Aldo Andrea Cassi, Santa, giusta, umanitaria. La guerra nella civiltà occidentale, 2015.

L’opera. Una riflessione sulla cultura che più di tutte ha speculato sull’uso della violenza come strumento politico. Fin dagli antichi greci la guerra è stata oggetto di riflessione da parte di pensatori e filosofi, che la consideravano “giusta” (Aristotele), una condizione necessaria della stessa socialità. Il libro propone un excursus filosofico-giuridico, che parte dal pensiero ellenico e abbraccia la cristianità (da Agostino a Tommaso d’Aquino, da Bernardo di Chiaravalle a Giovanna d’Arco), fino ad arrivare ai nostri giorni, a nuove declinazioni come il terrorismo internazionale, nel tentativo di circoscrivere entro confini e concetti teologici, filosofici, etici, politici e giuridici, l’uso della guerra nei rapporti tra popoli e tra nazioni.

http://www.salernoeditrice.it/Scheda_libro.asp?id=2009&it=ok&categoria=21

Aldo Andrea Cassi, Ultramar. L’invenzione europea del Nuovo Mundo, 2007

Ultramar
Ultramar
L’invenzione europea del Nuovo Mondo

In breve

La Conquista del Nuovo Mondo fu l’opera di un Giano bifronte, un balletto sul filo del cinismo e dell’utopia. Di fronte all’enormità della scoperta, gli europei rimasero letteralmente senza parole. La Natura americana e la Cultura europea sembravano irrimediabilmente incommensurabili. Tutti gli aspetti del Nuovo Mondo richiedevano una definizione appropriata, che le categorie concettuali europee non erano in grado di fornire, se non per approssimazione: l’oceano venne provvisoriamente chiamato ‘Mar tenebroso’, il puma fu battezzato ‘leone di montagna’, gli stessi indigeni furono chiamati ‘indios’, anche se non si trattava nemmeno lontanamente di abitanti delle Indie. Per ‘prendere’ il Nuovo Mondo, prima di tutto bisognava ‘comprenderlo’ e i soli che avessero le parole giuste per farlo, gli stregoni delle nuove terre, erano i giuristi. La cultura giuridica fu insomma il sistema di comunicazione, l’interfaccia tra il Vecchio Mondo medievale e il Nuovo Mondo la cui scoperta inaugurava l’età moderna. Abituati per mestiere ad avere orrore delle approssimazioni, i giuristi iniziarono a distinguere, a discutere, a definire. Questo libro ripercorre la storia di quelle parole e del loro potere demiurgico e distruttivo.

Book : Stategraphy: Toward a relational anthropology of the state

Stategraphy: Toward a relational anthropology of the state

 

Authors
Tatjana Thelen, Larissa Vetters, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann (eds.)

Publisher
New York, NY; Oxford: Berghahn

Year of publication
2018

ISBN
978-1-78533-699-7

OPAC

Abstract
In the introduction to this special issue, we discuss recent trends in anthropological research on and in theorizing the state. We show how these have given rise to an analytical gap between state images, on the one hand, and practices, on the other. Based on this analysis, we propose a relational approach that we call ‘stategraphy’ as a way to tie together state practices and representations. This ethnographically grounded approach focuses on relational modalities, boundary work, and forms of embeddedness of actors as constitutive factors. These avenues of analyses enable a nuanced understanding and comparative investigation of change and continuity as well as of mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion.

Book : Law and Memory Towards Legal Governance of History

Law and Memory
Towards Legal Governance of History

Uladzislau Belavusau (University of Amsterdam)
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias (Polish Academy of Sciences)

Cambridge University Press

September 2017

Isbn: 9781108102889

Law and Memory

Legal governance of memory has played a central role in establishing hegemony of monumental history, and has forged national identities and integration processes in Europe and beyond. In this book, a range of contributors explore both the nature and role of legal engagement into historical memory in selected national law, European and international law. They also reflect on potential conflicts between legal governance, political pluralism, and fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression. In recent years, there have been numerous monumental commemoration practices and judicial trials about correlated events all over the world, and this is a prime opportunity to undertake an important global comparative scrutiny of memory laws. Against the background of mass re-writing of history in different parts of the world, this book revisits a fascinating subject of memory laws from the standpoint of comparative law and transitional justice.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Contributors
Introduction: memory laws: mapping a new subject in comparative law and transitional justice Uladzislau Belavusau and Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias
Part I. International Law:
1. The UN Human Rights Committee’s view of the past Antoon De Baets
2. The role of international criminal tribunals in shaping the historical accounts of genocides Marina Aksenova
3. The ‘right to truth’ in international law: the ‘last utopia’? Patricia Naftali
Part II. European Law (Council of Europe and European Union):
4. Kononov vs Latvia as the ontological security struggle over remembering the Second World War Maria Mälksoo
5. Testing the ‘uniqueness’: denial of the Holocaust vs denial of other crimes before the European Court of Human Rights Paolo Lobba
6. Legislating history: the European Union and the denial of international crimes Luigi Cajani
Part III. National Perspectives within European Union:
7. Challenging historical facts and national truths: an analysis of cases from France and Greece Ioanna Tourkochoriti
8. Legal silences and the memory of Francoism in Spain Alfons Aragoneses
9. Politics of public knowledge in dealing with the past: postcommunist experiences and some lessons from the Czech Republic Jiří Přibáň
10. Adjudication in deportation cases of Latvia and international law Ieva Miluna
11. Judging the conducător: fascism, communism and legal discontinuity in post-war Romania Cosmin Sebastian Cercel
12. Dealing with the past in and around the fundamental law in Hungary Miklós Könczöl
13. On the politics of resentment, mis-memory and constitutional fidelity. The demise of the Polish overlapping consensus? Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz
Part IV. Perspectives beyond European Union:
14. Defending Stalinism by means of criminal law: Russia, 1995–2014 Nikolay Koposov
15. Cutting the umbilical cord: the narrative of the national past and future in Ukrainian de-communization policy Lina Klymenko
16. Banning genocide denial – should geography matter? Robert A. Kahn
17. ‘From banning Nakba to bridging narratives’: the collective memory of 1948 and transitional justice for Israelis and Palestinians Jeremie Bracka
18. Historical revisionism and the settler state: the Canadian experience Michael Morden
19. Defense of democracy and the preservation of collective memory through criminal legislation: the challenges of reconciliation in Peru Salvador Herencia Carrasco
Epilogue: beyond ‘memory laws’: towards a general theory of law and historical discourse Eric Heinze
Index.

Editors

Uladzislau Belavusau, University of Amsterdam
Uladzislau Belavusau is Senior Researcher in European Law at the T. M. C. Asser Institute (the Hague), Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias, Polish Academy of Sciences
Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias is Senior Researcher in Human Rights at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Contributors

Uladzislau Belavusau, Aleksandra Gliszcyńska-Grabias, Antoon De Baets, Marina Aksenova, Patricia Naftali, Maria Mälksoo, Paolo Lobba, Luigi Cajani, Ioanna Tourkochoriti, Alfons Aragoneses, Jiří Přibáň, Ieva Miluna, Cosmin Sebastian Cercel , Miklós Könczöl, Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz, Nikolay Koposov, Lina Klymenko, Robert A. Kahn, Jeremie Bracka, Michael Morden, Salvador Herencia Carrasco, Eric Heinze

 

Book : Cultural Legal Studies

Cultural Legal Studies

Law’s Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law

Cassandra Sharp, Marett Leiboff (ed.)

Routledge, 2017

 

Cultural Legal Studies: Law's Popular Cultures and the Metamorphosis of Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

What can law’s popular cultures do for law, as a constitutive and interrogative critical practice?  This collection explores such a question through the lens of the ‘cultural legal studies’ movement, which proffers a new encounter with the ‘cultural turn’ in law and legal theory.  Moving beyond the ‘law ands’ (literature, humanities, culture, film, visual and aesthetics) on which it is based, this book demonstrates how the techniques and practices of cultural legal studies can be used to metamorphose law and the legalities that underpin its popular imaginary. By drawing on three different modes of cultural legal studies – storytelling, technology and jurisprudence – the collection showcases the intersectional practices of cultural legal studies, and law in its popular cultural mode.

The contributors to the collection deploy differentiated modes of cultural legal studies practice, adopting diverse philosophical, disciplinary, methodological and theoretical approaches and subjects of examination. The collection draws on this mix of diversity and homogeneity to thread together its overarching theme: that we must take seriously an interrogation of law as culture and in its cultural form. That is, it does not ask how a text ‘represents’ law; but rather how the representational nature of both law and culture intersect so that the ‘juridical’ become visible in various cultural manifestations. In short, it asks: how law’s popular cultures actively effect the metamorphosis of law.

Table of Contents

PART I: Cultural Legal Studies – The Urgency of Method and Story 1. Cultural Legal Studies and Law’s Popular Cultures, Marett Leiboff & Cassandra Sharp 2. Cultural Legal Studies as Law’s Extroversion, Marett Leiboff 3. Finding Stories of Justice in the Art of Conversation: Ethnography in Cultural Legal Studies, Cassandra Sharp PART II: Cultural Legal Studies as Legal Storytelling 4. Interventions into the Feeling of Popular Justice: Australia’s Stolen Generations, the Problem of Sentimentality, and Re-Encountering the Testimonial Form, Honni Van Rijswijk 5. Border Crossings: The Transnational Career of the Television Crime Drama, Sue Turnbull 6. Theatre and the Law in the 21st Century, Peter Robson PART III: Law’s Technologies and Cultural Legal Studies 7. Picturing Justice in a Fraught Legal Arena: Fetus, Phantoms and Mandatory Ultrasounds, Jessica Silbey 8. Peeping: Open Justice and Law’s Voyeurs, Katherine Biber 9. Irony as Method: Reframing Photographs in Cultural Legal Studies, Karen Crawley 10. Bodies, Cinema, Sovereignty: Using Visual Culture Methodologies to Think About Other Ways that Law Might Work, Kirsty Duncanson PART IV: Cultural Legal Studies as Jurisprudence 11. Popular Culture’s Lex Vampirica: The Law of the Undead in True Blood, the Twilight Sagaand The Passage, William Macneil 12. Reading the Law Made Strange: Cultural Legal Studies, Theology and Speculative Fiction, Timothy D Peters 13. Republicanism Meets (Dystopian) Faërie: Harry Potter and the Institutional Disaster, Luis Gómez Romero

About the Editors

Cassandra Sharp‘s research draws on a range of disciplinary methods to empirically explore individual responses to law. Her focus is the use of popular stories by individuals in challenging and constructing legal meaning and identity. She is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre (LIRC) at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

Marett Leiboff is a cultural legal studies and law and humanities scholar who is working on a monograph that explores theatrical jurisprudence. Her scholarship is grounded in her pre-law background in academic theatre studies. Marett is a member of the Legal Intersections Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia.

BOOK : Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition, by Kevin SCHEMBRI

Title: Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition

Author: Kevin SCHEMBRI

Publisher: Orientalia Christiana & Valore Italiano

Series: Kanonika (vol. 23)

Year: 2017

About the book:

How do the Eastern Orthodox Churches understand the mystery of marriage? On what grounds do these Churches concede ecclesiastical divorce and tolerate a new marriage? What is oikonomia and how is it invoked in the Orthodox East? Is the Orthodox position compatible with the Catholic approach to the indissolubility of marriage? Over the last decades, these questions were the subject of numerous studies. This volume builds on this research and attempts to offer a comprehensive systematic answer to these questions. By doing so, it adds to the already rich tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and presents the Western Churches with a valuable resource in their pursuit of ecumenical dialogue, in their dealing with the ever-growing reality of mixed marriages, and in their ministry to the divorced and remarried members of their faithful. Published as volume 23 in the series Kanonika, this study forms part of the various projects launched by the Pontifical Oriental Institute during its centenary celebrations.

About the author:

Kevin Schembri is a lecturer in canon law and coordinator of two master programmes at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Malta. He holds a licentiate in sacred theology from that university, and a licentiate and doctorate in canon law (with specialisation in canonical jurisprudence) from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He is a Catholic priest and serves as promoter of justice and defender of the bond for the Archdiocese of Malta.

For more info: 

http://www.kanonika.org/1/bookshop_1270111.html?product=102191

Book : Le chemin, le geste et la parole. De la norme autochtone au droit coutumier kanak, by Régis Lafargue

 

Parution : 12/2017
Editeur : Dalloz
ISBN : 978-2-2471-7177-4
Site de l’éditeur

Présentation de l’éditeur

Ce livre traite de façon complète et inédite du statut coutumier kanak en Nouvelle-Calédonie et expose le passage de la normativité autochtone à ce droit coutumier kanak, élaboré par des juridictions biculturelles à partir de coutumes autochtones.

Il présente tout d’abord la façon dont se construit ce statut personnel, l’organisation et le régime des terres, puis l’organisation familiale avec l’énoncé des devoirs qui incombent aux divers membres de cette société. Enfin, en conclusion, sont évoqués les droits des victimes de statut coutumier dans une société qui valorise les solidarités, sans pour autant sacrifier la réhabilitation sociale de la victime d’infractions pénales.

L’auteur offre au lecteur le fruit de son expérience de terrain en Nouvelle-Calédonie (2011-2015) en réunissant dans un seul ouvrage 48 décisions marquantes commentées, pour comprendre un système novateur entre norme autochtone et système juridique global, ainsi qu’une confrontation du contenu des décisions « coutumières » avec le contenu de la charte du peuple kanak qui rappelle les principes qui structurent la société kanake.

Sommaire

I. Aux sources institutionnelles et constitutionnelles du statut personnel
La place croissante du droit coutumier dans l’organisation juridique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie
Les règles spécifiques de procédure
Les institutions coutumières

II. Le droit kanak
La terre et le clan
Le mariage par enregistrement et sa dissolution dans un contexte d’alliance interclanique
L’avenir du clan : la filiation, le statut et l’intérêt de l’enfant

III.  Aux limites du droit civil et du droit pénal

L’Esprit du droit , 300 pages.  40€

BOOK : The Judgment of Culture. Cultural Assumptions in American Law

The Judgment of Culture

Cultural Assumptions in American Law

Lawrence Rosen

2018 – Routledge

 

The Judgment of Culture: Cultural Assumptions in American Law (Paperback) book cover

 

Description

Legal systems do not operate in isolation but in complex cultural contexts.

This original and thought-provoking volume considers how cultural assumptions are built into American legal decision-making, drawing on a series of case studies to demonstrate the range of ways courts express their understanding of human nature, social relationships, and the sense of orderliness that cultural schemes purport to offer. Unpacking issues such as native heritage, male circumcision, and natural law, Rosen provides fresh insight into socio-legal studies, drawing on his extensive experience as both an anthropologist and a law professional to provide a unique perspective on the important issue of law and cultural practice.

The Judgement of Culture will make informative reading for students and scholars of anthropology, law, and related subjects across the social sciences.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part I: Bringing Culture into the Law

1. Defending Culture: The Cultural Defense and the Law’s Theory of Culture

2. Leave It to the Experts? The Anthropologist as Expert Witness

3. What’s It Like? Native Americans and the Ambivalence of Legal Metaphors

Part II: Nature and the Family

4: Should We Just Abolish Marriage? The Uses of Anthropology in Law and Policy

5: What’s Wrong with Incest? Perception and Theory in a Shifting Legal Environment

6: Natural Law or Law Naturalized? Nature v. Culture in the U.S. Supreme Court

Part III: Reaching Out

7: Medicalizing the Law: The Debate over Male Circumcision

8: The Incorporation of Custom: The Case of the Flashing Headlights

9: Is There a Place for Community? The Amish and the American Romance of Community

Conclusion

About the Author

Lawrence Rosen is the William N. Cromwell Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Princeton University, USA, and Adjunct Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, USA. As an anthropologist he has worked on Arab social life and Islamic law; as a legal scholar he has worked on the rights of indigenous peoples and American socio-legal issues. He is a member of the bar of the State of North Carolina and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Book : Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies. A Principle and its Paradoxes

2018 – Routledge

Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: A Principle and its Paradoxes (Hardback) book cover

 

Description

This volume addresses the exercise of personal autonomy in contemporary situations of normative pluralism. In the Western liberal tradition, from a strictly legal and theoretical perspective the social individual has the right to exercise the autonomy of his or her will. In a context of legal plurality, however, personal autonomy becomes more complicated. Can and should personal autonomy be recognized as a legal foundation for protecting a person’s freedom to renounce what others view as his or her fundamental ‘human rights’? This collection develops an interdisciplinary conceptual framework to address these questions and presents empirical studies examining the gap between the principle of personal autonomy and its implementation. In a context of cultural diversity, this gap manifests itself in two particular ways. First, not every culture gives the same pre-eminence to personal autonomy when examining the legal effects of an individual’s acts. Second, in a society characterized by ‘weak pluralism’, the legal assessment of personal autonomy often favours the views of the dominant majority. In highlighting these diverse perspectives and problematizing the so-called ‘guardian function’ of human rights, i.e., purporting to protect weaker parties by limiting their personal autonomy in the name of gender equality, fair trial, etc., this book offers a nuanced approach to the principle of autonomy and addresses the questions of whether it can effectively be deployed in situations of internormativity and what conditions must be met in order to ensure that it is not rendered devoid of all meaning.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Individual Autonomy in Contemporary Plural Societies: How to Reconcile Competing Normative Standards? – Marie-Claire Foblets, Michele Graziadei and Alison Dundes Renteln

Part I: Autonomy in the Face of Cultural Diversity: Disciplinary Perspectives

1. The Fault in our Stars: Personal Autonomy, Philosophy, and the Law – Michele Graziadei

2. Confronting Autonomy in Liberal Practice – Geoffrey Brahm Levey

3. Autonomy and Deeply Embedded Cultural Identities – John Christman

4. Three Approaches to the Protection of Religious Freedom: Choice, Interest, Identity – Avigail Eisenberg

5. Appeals to Choice and Sexual Equality: Debates over Religious Attire – Monique Deveaux

6. Why the Individual must be Defended ~ Seemingly against all Anthropological Odds – Olaf Zenker

Part II: Autonomy in Context: Empirical Illustrations

A: The Majoritarian Assessment of Personal Autonomy

7. Cultural Diversity in the Workplace: Personal Autonomy as a Pillar for the Accommodation of Employees’ Religious Practices? – Katayoun Alidadi

8. Adopting a Face-Veil, Concluding an Islamic Marriage: Autonomy, Agency, and Liberal-Secular Rule – Annelies Moors

9. Unregistered Muslim Marriages in the UK: Examining Normative Influences Shaping Choice of Legal Protection – Rajnaara Akhtar

10. Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? Personal Autonomy, Forced Marriage, and the Inherent Jurisdiction in English Law – Alberto Neidhardt

11. Balancing Migration Policy and Personal Autonomy in Private International Law: A Shattered Illusion?Jinske Verhellen

12. The Anti-Religious Bias in Personal Autonomy: Towards Coherence and a SolutionToon Agten

13. Shaping Notions of Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies: Addressing Female Genital Cutting in France and the European Regulatory Framework’s Approach to this Custom – Lucia Bellucci

14. The Human Rights Dimensions of Virginity Restoration Surgery – Alison Dundes Renteln

B. Individual Agency in situ

15. ‘It is Better for Me to Agree When My Guardian is Here’: Consent and Relational Personhood in Postcolonial Malawi – Jessica Johnson

16. The Multiple Search for Autonomy among Moluccans in the Netherlands: A Relational Approach – Keebet von Benda-Beckmann

17. An All but Trivial Abortion: Scrutinizing Sex Selection Legislation in India through the Lens of Women’s Autonomy – Kalindi Kokal

18. Rethinking Social Norms: Contraceptive Use and Women’s Right to Choose in Senegal – Chiara Quagliariello

19. Autonomous Aspirations? Re-reading the CEDAW Drafting Process and Examining Muslim Women’s Contributions – Shaheen Sardar Aliand Arjumand Bano Kazmi

20. ‘That’s not our Culture’: Paradoxes of Personal Property in Indigenous Self-Governance – Ian Kalman

About the Editors

Marie-Claire Foblets is Director of the Department of Law and Anthropology at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany and Professor of Law at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.

Michele Graziadei is Professor of Comparative Law at the University of Turin, Italy and President of the Italian Society for Research on Comparative Law (SIRD).

Alison Dundes Renteln is Professor of Political Science, Anthropology, Law, and Public Policy at the University of Southern California, where she teaches International Law and Human Rights.