L’ANTHROPOLOGIE JURIDIQUE, SÉMINAIRE ANIMÉ PAR M. NORBERT ROULAND CENTRE DE DROIT COMPARÉ IRDEIC

Le Centre de droit comparé propose un séminaire sur l’anthropologie juridique et politique animé par Monsieur Norbert Rouland, Professeur émérite à l’université d’Aix-Marseille (droit, anthropologie juridique), Ancien membre de l’Institut Universitaire de France.

Le Centre de droit comparé propose un séminaire sur l’anthropologie juridique et politique, animé par Monsieur Norbert Rouland, Professeur émérite à l’Université d’Aix-Marseille (droit, anthropologie juridique), Ancien membre de l’Institut Universitaire de France.

Auteur notamment de :

– Aux confins du droit. Anthropologie juridique de la modernité, 1991

– Anthropologie juridique, Paris, 1988, Presses universitaires de France, 1988, 496 p.
 
Les premières lignes de son manuel d’anthropologie juridique :
 
« Les plus lointains voyages sont intérieurs. Des sables du Sahel aux étendues virginales de l’Arctique, c’est à lui-même que se trouve sans cesse renvoyé l’anthropologue par le regard des autres. Car l’anthropologie n’a pas pour seul objet les sociétés différentes des nôtres. Elle est aussi, comme le reflet d’une vague, auto-analyse de l’observateur et de sa société ».
 
Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Le 12 mars 2020, Manufacture des Tabacs, salle MD 205. 
 
Contact : Gaëlle Le Merer :
 

The Art of Human Rights, Commingling Art, Human Rights and the Law in Africa

Romola Adeola, Michael Gyan Nyarko, Adebayo Okeowo, Frans Viljoen (eds.), University of Pretoria, Springer International Publishing, 2019, 152.p

This book highlights the use of art in human rights, specifically within Africa. It advances an innovative pattern of thinking that explores the intersection between art and human rights law. In recent years, art has become an important tool for engagement on several human rights issues. In view of its potency, and yet potential to be a danger when misused, this book seeks to articulate the use of arts in the human rights discourse in its different forms. Chapters cover how music, photography, literature, photojournalism, soap opera, commemorations, sculpting and theatre can be used as an expression of human rights. This book demonstrates how arts have become a formidable expression of thoughts and a means of articulating reality in a form that simplifies truth and congregates resolve to advance change.

https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-030-30102-6#toc 

The Southern Key: Class, Race, and Radicalism in the 1930s and 1940s

Michael Goldfield, Wayne State University, Oxford University Press, 2020, 428.p

The South is today, as it always has been, the key to understanding American society, its politics, its constitutional anomalies and government structure, its culture, its social relations, its music and literature, its media focus, its blind spots, and virtually everything else. The Southern Key argues that much of what is important in American politics and society today was largely shaped by the successes and failures of the labor movements of the 1930s and 1940s, and most notably the failures of southern labor organizing during this period. It also argues that these failures, despite some important successes in organizing interracial unions, left the South (and consequentially much of the rest of the United States as well) racially backward and open to right-wing demagoguery. These failures have led to a nationwide decline in unionization, growing economic inequality, and overall failures to confront white supremacy head on. In an in-depth look at unexamined archival material and detailed data, The Southern Key challenges established historiography, both telling a tale of race, radicalism, and betrayal and arguing that the outcome was not at all predetermined.

Mobilized by Injustice: Criminal Justice Contact, Political Participation, and Race,

Hannah L. Walker, Rutgers University, Oxford University Press, 2020.

Springing from decades of abuse by law enforcement and an excessive criminal justice system, members of over-policed communities lead the current movement for civil rights in the United States. Activated by injustice, individuals protested police brutality in Ferguson, campaigned to end stop-and-frisk in New York City, and advocated for restorative justice in Washington, D.C. Yet, scholars focused on the negative impact of punitive policy on material resources, and trust in government did not predict these pockets of resistance, arguing instead that marginalizing and demeaning policy teaches individuals to acquiesce and withdraw. Mobilized by Injustice excavates conditions under which, despite otherwise negative outcomes, negative criminal justice experiences catalyze political action. This book argues that when understood as resulting from a system that targets people based on race, class, or other group identifiers, contact can politically mobilize. Negative experiences with democratic institutions predicated on equality under the law, when connected to a larger, group-based struggle, can provoke action from anger. Evidence from several surveys and in-depth interviews reveals that mobilization as result of negative criminal justice experiences is broad, crosses racial boundaries, and extends to the loved ones of custodial citizens. When over half of Blacks and Latinos and a plurality of Whites know someone with personal contact, the mobilizing effect of a sense of injustice promises to have important consequences for American politics.

https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/oso/9780190940645.001.0001/oso-9780190940645

Us versus Them: Race, Crime, and Gentrification in Chicago Neighborhoods

Quatrième de couverture: 

Crime and gentrification represent hot button issues in racially diverse neighborhoods. Drawing on three and a half years of ethnographic fieldwork, this book provides a detailed analysis of community conflict in Rogers Park and Uptown, two Chicago neighborhoods. The book shows how competing views about neighborhood change divided residents into two political camps, which prioritized either the fight against crime or the fight against gentrification. This division frequently materialized as a type of racial conflict, because antigentrification activists and their allies charged that grassroots anticrime initiatives were, in truth, barely covert racist practices that were meant to foster racial displacement and marginalization. Chapter by chapter, the book traces these conflicts in different areas of community life. It examines the strategies of public safety work that residents used to fight crime and how their efforts contributed to gentrification; how antigentrification activists resisted criminalization and gentrification; how politicians sought to actively use or downplay community divisions in their electoral campaigns; and how residents of different racial and ethnic backgrounds positioned themselves in these battles.

https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/oso/9780190066574.001.0001/oso-9780190066574

 

Auteur: J. Doering, McGill University

Seminaire « ANTHROPOLOGIES DU DROIT EN DISCUSSION(S) »

Séminaire organisé par Nadia Belaidi, Chargée de recherche CNRS, UMR CNRS 7206 Eco-Anthropologie et Geneviève Koubi, Professeur, Université Paris 8, UMR CNRS 7106 Sciences administratives et politiques

Voir l’affiche : Anthropologies du droit en discussion(s) _ séance 1

À partir de la diversité des travaux réalisés en anthropologie, nous proposons d’appréhender les études et les travaux des juristes quant à leur perceptions de l’anthropologie appliquée en droit ainsi que quant à leurs modes de saisie des objets, cultures, situations et relations explorés (coutumes, traditions, rituels; savoirs et savoir-faire; structurations, administrations; échanges, dons; identité locale, globale; communautés, minorités, peuples autochtones; etc.). Il semble utile de s’interroger sur les liens que le droit et l’anthropologie entretiennent entre eux et selon leurs impacts sur les ou leurs réactions aux évènements, en rapport avec les environnements – relevant que ces liens entre droit et anthropologie ne sont pas appréhendés par les seuls juristes.

L’anthropologie du droit saisit le/les droit/s dans leur diversité, le droit dans la pluralité de ses sources et références (droit positif, prospectif, coutumier; pratiques normatives), de ses nationalités (comparatisme) et de ses spatialités. Elle s’entend, ici, comme d’un outil de compréhension du monde. Elle se déploie dans sa capacité à penser le présent comme l’à-venir.

La démarche de prospective théorique, méthodologique, conceptuelle retenue pour ces discussions de l’anthropologie du droit se veut être une mise en partage.

Séance 1 – 26 mars 2020 – 14h-16

Musée de l’Homme 

17 Place du Trocadéro, 75116 Paris

Salle Lévi-Strauss 

Liens entre anthropologie/s et droit/s

Introduction du séminaire : Nadia Belaidi

Intervention : « Anthropologie juridique ou anthropologie du droit ? », Eric Millard, Professeur, Université Paris-Nanterre (Paris X)

Inscription obligatoire : https://evento.renater.fr/survey/anthropologie-du-dro…-i4rgxros